Zero Hunger

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Post-harvest Losses of Agricultural Produce

  • Barbara SawickaEmail author
Living reference work entry


Food losses and waste are the result of ineffective functioning of food systems. “Post-harvest losses” in the PHL system refer to the quantitative and qualitative loss of food in various post-harvest operations. “Food loss” is defined too as food available for human consumption, but not consumed. Limiting post-harvest losses (PHL) is a priority area of cooperation between FAO and world development banks.


About 1/3 of the food produced in the world per year for human consumption is lost or wasted. Food losses and waste total approximately $680 billion in industrialized countries and around $310 billion in developing countries. The industrialized and developing countries are wasting approximately comparable amounts of food (670 and 630 million tons, respectively). Usually fruits and vegetables, as well as tubers and roots, have the highest level of losses compared to all food groups. Global quantitative food losses and wastes during the year are around 30% for...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Production Technology and Commodities Science, Faculty of AgrobioengineeringUniversity of Life Sciences in LublinLublinPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Agricultural ManagementRasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, RashtRashtIran