Zero Hunger

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Permaculture, Clean Production, and Food Security

  • André Borchardt Deggau
  • Luiza GreuelEmail author
  • Samara da Silva Neiva
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
Living reference work entry



Permaculture, often defined as sustainable agriculture, seeks to encourage better practices of use of natural resources, avoiding wasting and stimulating continuous innovation for world development. It seeks to satisfy the human need for nutrients, improve environmental preservation with an economy that uses resources, shrink utilization of nonrenewable resources, and stimulate integration of different ways of production. It is important for sustainable development since it seeks to end hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition, providing opportunities of development for several families.


Permaculture is a concept first mentioned and developed by Mollison and Holmgren (1978), two Australian scientists. They wished to create a life philosophy, which could be applied to all science branches, to support sustainable development. The word comes from the junction of “permanent,” “agriculture,” and later...

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 This study was conducted by the Centre for Sustainable Development (Greens) (Greens), from the University of Southern Santa Catarina (Unisul), in the contextof the project BRIDGE - Building Resilience in a Dynamic Global Economy:Complexity across scales in the Brazilian Food-Water-Energy Nexus; funded by the Newton Fund, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa e Inovação do Estado de Santa Catarina, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível superior (CAPES), National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) and the Research Councils United Kingdom (RCUK).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Borchardt Deggau
    • 1
  • Luiza Greuel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samara da Silva Neiva
    • 1
  • José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Sustainable Development/Research Centre on Energy Efficiency and Sustainability (Greens)University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL)FlorianópolisBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tony Wall
    • 1
  1. 1.International Thriving at Work Research CentreUniversity of ChesterChesterUK