No Poverty

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Amanda Lange Salvia, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Situating Volunteer Work and Volunteering in Theory and Practice

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69625-6_51-1
  • 138 Downloads

Synonyms

Definition

Volunteer work (volunteering) is generally viewed as a helping activity in which people engage willingly, without any form of coercion or mandate from a government. The International Labour Organization (ILO 2020) notes volunteer work includes activities performed willingly and without pay to produce goods or provide services for others outside the volunteer’s household or family. The ILO identifies two kinds of volunteer work:
  1. 1.

    Direct volunteer work, which is done to help other people directly (e.g. a neighbour, a friend, a stranger, nature);

  2. 2.

     Organization-based volunteer work, which is done through or for an organization, community or group.

Broader definitions of volunteering link the motivation for undertaking the activity with altruism and emphasize that the volunteer has no expectation of remuneration or other immediate and tangible personal benefits accruing to the volunteer. On this point the ILO note that a main...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Beck U, Beck-Gernsheim E (2001) Individualization. SAGE, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolton M (2014) The cult of the volunteer, new left project, 12 March 2014, http://www.newleftproject.org/index.php/site/article_comments/the_cult_of_the_volunteer
  3. Cnaan R-A, Handy F, Wadsworth M (1996) Defining who is a volunteer: conceptual and empirical considerations. Nonprofit Volunt Sect Q 25(3):364–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cobb N-K (2002) The new philanthropy: its impact on funding arts and culture, the journal of arts management. Law Soc 32(2):125–143Google Scholar
  5. Davis Smith J, Ellis A, Brewis G (2005) Cross-national volunteering: a developing movement. In: Emerging areas of volunteering, vol 1. ARNOVA, Indianapolis, pp 63–75Google Scholar
  6. Devereux P, Paull M, Hawkes M, Georgeou N (2017) Volunteering and the UN Sustainable Development Goals: finding common ground between national and international volunteering agendas? Third Sector Rev 23(1):209–234Google Scholar
  7. Ehrichs L (2000) “Volunteering” in development: a post-modern view. Available from: http://www.iyv2001.org/infobase/research/LAO_volunteering_in_development.pdf
  8. Ferge Z (1997) The changed welfare paradigm: the individualisation of the social. Soc Policy Adm 31(1):20–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Georgeou N (2010) From Hoshi to Borantia: transformations of volunteering in Japan and implications for foreign policy. Voluntas 21(4):467–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Georgeou N (2012) Neoliberalism, development and aid volunteering. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Georgeou N, Haas B (2018) Power, exchange and solidarity: towards a (new) theoretical conceptualization of volunteering for development. In: International society for third-sector research 13th international conference, 10–13 July 2018, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  12. Haddad M-A (2007) Politics and volunteering in Japan: a global perspective. Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hawksley C, Georgeou N (2019) Gramsci “makes a difference”: Volunteering, neoliberal “common sense”, and the sustainable development goals [online]. Third Sector Review 25(2):27–56Google Scholar
  14. Hazeldine S, Baillie Smith M (2015) IFRC global review of volunteering. IFRC, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  15. Howell J, Pearce J (2001) Civil society and development: a critical exploration. Covent Garden, Lynne Rienner Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. ILO (2020) Indicator description: Volunteer work. Available from: https://ilostat.ilo.org/resources/methods/indicator-description-volunteer-work/
  17. Jamrozik A (2009) Social policy in the post-welfare state: Australia in a changing world. Pearson Education Australia, Frenches ForestGoogle Scholar
  18. Laurie N, Baillie Smith M (2018) Unsettling geographies of volunteering and development. Trans Inst Br Geogr 43(1):95–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McGloin C, Georgeou N (2016) Looks good on your CV: The sociology of voluntourism recruitment in higher education. J Soc 52(2):403–417.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1440783314562416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. McLennan B, Whittaker J, Handmer J (2016) The changing landscape of disaster volunteering: opportunities, responses and gaps in Australia. Nat Hazards 84(3):2031–2048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Moore McBride A-M, Benitez C, Danso K (2003) Civic service worldwide: social development goals and partnerships. Soc Dev Issues 25(1/2):175–188Google Scholar
  22. Petriwskyj A-M, Warburton J (2007) Redefining volunteering for the global context: A measurement matrix for researchers. Aust J Volunt 12(1):7–13Google Scholar
  23. Putnam R-D (1993) Making democracy work: civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  24. Putnam R-D (1995) Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. J Democr 6(1):65–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Russell B (2016) Measuring the contribution of volunteering to the Sustainable Development Goals: the measurement of volunteering in the global south. Available from: https://socialsurveys.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Russell-2016-ISTR-Measurement-Volunteering-Global-South.pdf
  26. Salamon L-M, Anheier H-K (1999) Volunteering in cross-national perspective: initial comparisons. Law Contemp Probl 62(4):43–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sherraden M (2001) Youth service as strong policy: a youth service country study. The Ford Foundation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Spicker P (2000) The welfare state: a general theory. SAGE, LondonGoogle Scholar
  29. Stebbins R (2013) Unpaid work of love: defining the work–leisure axis of volunteering. Leis Stud 32(3):339–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Stebbins R-A, Graham M (eds) (2004) Volunteering as leisure/leisure as volunteering: an international assessment. Cabi Publications, OxonGoogle Scholar
  31. Swilling M, Russell B (2002) The size and scope of the non-profit sector in South Africa, Graduate School of Public Development Management: University of the Witwatersrand and Centre for Civil Society: University of Kwa-Zulu-Natal, South AfricaGoogle Scholar
  32. UNGA (2014) The road to dignity by 2030: ending poverty, transforming all lives and protecting the planet Synthesis report of the Secretary-General on the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, A/RES/69/700 of 4 December 2014. Available from: http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/reports/SG_Synthesis_Report_Road_to_Dignity_by_2030.pdf
  33. UNGA (2015) Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, A/RES/70/1 of 25 September 2015. Available from: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld)
  34. UNV (2001) Expert working group on volunteering and social development. UNV, BonnGoogle Scholar
  35. UNV (2011) State of the worlds volunteerism report: universal values for global well-being. United Nations Volunteers, Bonn. Available from: https://www.unv.org/publications/2011-state-world%E2%80%99s-volunteerism-report-universal-values-global-well-beingGoogle Scholar
  36. UNV (2015) Volunteering for the Sustainable Development Goals. Available from: https://www.volunteeringaustralia.org/wp-content/uploads/Volunteering-for-the-SDGs.pdf
  37. UNV (2018a) State of the world’s volunteerism report 2018: the thread that binds. Available from: https://www.unv.org/sites/default/files/2018%20The%20thread%20that%20binds%20final.pdf
  38. UNV (2018b) Volunteerism and the global goals. Available from: https://www.unv.org/volunteerism-and-global-goals
  39. VMP (2018) Volunteer measurement project. Available from: http://ccss.jhu.edu/research-projects/vmp/
  40. Wilkinson J, Bittman M (2002) Volunteering the human face of democracy. SPRC discussion paper no. 114. The Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney. Available from: https://www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/SPRCFile/DP114.pdf
  41. Zappala G (2000) Research and advocacy briefing paper no.4: how many people volunteer in Australia and why do they do it? Smith Family, Australia. Available from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.453.3888&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Sciences, Humanitarian and Development StudiesWestern Sydney University AustraliaSydneyAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Bankole Awuzie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Built EnvironmentCentral University of TechnologyBloemfonteinSouth Africa