Skin Bioengineering

  • Enzo BerardescaEmail author
  • Cameli Norma
Reference work entry


Noninvasive techniques provide useful and objective information on skin barrier efficiency, skin color, and skin structure in general; therefore, these techniques can be of support in investigating contact dermatitis and irritation in particular. However, their use can be sometimes cumbersome and complex especially in terms of standardization of measures and interpretation of results.


Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL) Capacitance Colorimetry Stratum corneum 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.San Gallicano Dermatological InstituteRomeItaly

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