Advertisement

Plants

  • Christopher Roland LovellEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Many occupations entail exposure to plants and plant products. Plants can induce phototoxic, irritant and allergic reactions. A careful clinical history should distinguish phototoxic from allergic reactions, and patch testing is not appropriate in the former case. In suspected allergic contact dermatitis, patch testing with a standard series can often provide clues to plant allergy; this can be supported by adding a plant series. Unfortunately, reliable screening materials are not commercially available for investigating many plant allergens and it may be necessary to test with the plant itself, ensuring that it is not a known irritant or toxic on contact. If a “new” allergenic plant is identified, it is important to test control subjects to the material to exclude irritancy.

Keywords

Skin Plants Dermatitis Irritant Phototoxic Urticaria Occupation Allergens Irritants Hypersensitivity Patch testing Anacardiaceae Compositae Apiaceae Herbal medicines Alstroemeria 

References

  1. Agarwal KK, D’Souza M (2009) Airborne contact dermatitis induced by parthenium: a study of 50 cases in South India. Clin Exp Dermatol 34:e4–e6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agarwal KK, Kumar Nath A, Jaisanker TJ et al (2008) Parthenium dermatitis presenting as erythroderma. Contact Dermatitis 59:182–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amaro C, Goossens A (2008) Immunological occupational contact urticaria and contact dermatitis from proteins; a review. Contact Dermatitis 58:67–75Google Scholar
  4. Anderson BE, Miller CJ, Adams DR (2003) Stinging nettle dermatitis. Am J Clin Dermatol 14:44–46Google Scholar
  5. Aplin CG, Lovell CR (2001) Contact dermatitis due to hardy primula species and their cultivars. Contact Dermatitis 44:23–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Asakawa Y, Ludwiczuk A (2017) Chemical constituents of bryophytes: structures and biological activity. J Nat Prod.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnafprod.6b010406
  7. Assarian Z, Nixon RL (2015) Protein contact dermatitis caused by lime in a pastry chef. Contact Dermatitis 73: 54–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beach RA, Pratt MD (2009) Chronic actinic dermatitis; clinical cases, diagnostic workup and therapeutic management. J Cutan Med Surg 13:121–128Google Scholar
  9. Benezra C, Ducombs G (1987) Molecular aspects of allergic contact dermatitis to plants. Dermatosen Beruf Umvelt 35:4–11Google Scholar
  10. Bilcha KD, Ayele A, Shibeshi D et al (2010) Patch testing and contact allergens in Ethiopia – results of 514 contact dermatitis patients using the European baseline series. Contact Dermatitis 63:140–145PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Boelman DJ (2010) Emergency: treating poison ivy, oak and sumac. Am J Nurs 110:49–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bonamonte D, Foti C, Lionetti N, Rigano L, Angelini G (2010) Photoallergic contact dermatitis to 8-methoxypsoralen in Ficus carica. Contact Dermatitis 62:343–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bonamonte D, Vestitia M, Filoni A et al (2016) Tobacco contact dermatitis. Eur J Dermatol 26:223–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Bordel-Gomez MT, Mirando-Romero A (2008) Sensitivity to diallyldisulphide in a Spanish population. Contact Dermatitis 59:125–126PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bucak IH, Almis H, Tepe B et al (2016) A rare cause of emergency department visit: Euphorbia helioscope contact dermatitis. Turk J Emerg Med 16:121–122PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cabanillas M, Fernandez-Redondo V, Toribio J (2006) Allergic contact dermatitis to plants in a Spanish dermatology department: a 7-year review. Contact Dermatitis 55:84–91PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Campbell CP, Yates DH (2010) Lupin allergy; a hidden killer at home, a menace at work; occupational disease due to lupin allergy. Clin Exp Allergy 40:1467–1472PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chew A-C, Bashir SJ, Hawk JLM et al (2010) Contact and photocontact sensitization in chronic actinic dermatitis; a changing picture. Contact Dermatitis 62:42–46PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Christensson JB, Matura M, Gruvberger B et al (2010) Linalool – a significant contact sensitizer after air exposure. Contact Dermatitis 62:32–41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Connolly M, McCune J, Dauncey E et al (2004) Primula obconica – is contact allergy on the decline? Contact Dermatitis 51:167–171PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cummings AJ, Olsen M (2011) Mechanism of action of stinging nettles. Wilderness Environ Med 22:136–139PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fernandez de Corres L (1984) Contact dermatitis from Frullania, Compositae, and other plants. Contact Dermatitis 16:84–86Google Scholar
  23. Guin JD (2000) Occupational contact dermatitis to plants. In: Kanerva L, Elsner P, Wahlberg JS, Maibach HI (eds) Handbook of occupational dermatology. Springer, Berlin, pp 730–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Guin JD, Gillis WT, Beaman JH (1981) Recognizing the Toxicodendrons (poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac). Am J Contact Dermat 4:133–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Halkier-Sorensen L (1996) Occupational skin diseases. Contact Dermatitis 35(suppl 1):1–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Hassan I, Rasool F, Akhtar S (2017) Contact dermatitis caused by tulips: identification of contact sensitizers in tulip workers of Kashmir valley in North India. Contact Dermatitis.  https://doi.org/10.1111/cod12870
  27. Hieta N, Hasan T, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S, Lamintausta K (2009) Lupin allergy and lupin sensitization among patients with suspected food allergy. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 103:233–237PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Johnson RA, Baer H, Kirkpatrick CH et al (1972) Comparison of the contact allergenicity of the four pentadecyl catechols derived from poison ivy urushiol in human subjects. J Allergy Clin Immunol 49:27–35PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Julian CG, Bowers PW (1997) The nature and distribution of daffodil pickers’ rash. Contact Dermatitis 37: 259–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kar HK, Langar S, Avora TC et al (2009) Occurrence of plant sensitivity among patients of photodermatoses: a control-matched study of 156 cases from New Delhi. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 75:483–487PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Karlberg A-T et al (2008) Allergic contact dermatitis-formation, structural requirements and reactivity of skin sensitizers. Chem Res Toxicol 21:53–69PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lakshmi C, Srinivas CR (2007) Parthenium; a wide angle view. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 73:296–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lambrecht C, Goossens A (2015) Occupational contact dermatitis caused by capsicum. Contact Dermatitis 72:252–253PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lepoittevin J-P (2000) Phytochemical procedures. In: Avalos J, Maibach H (eds) Dermatologic botany. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 69–76Google Scholar
  35. Lepoittevin J-P, Berl V (2009) Alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone: versatile skin bioactive natural products. Chem Rec 9:258–270PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Levin C, Warshaw E (2008) Protein contact dermatitis: allergens, pathogenesis and management. Dermatitis 19:241–251CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Lovell CR (1993a) Plants and the skin. Blackwell Scientific, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  38. Mahajan VK, Sharma V, Gupta M et al (2014) Parthenium dermatitis: is parthenolide an effective choice for patch testing? Contact Dermatitis 70:340–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mirastschijski U, Schnabel R, Naumann M, Kahne T (2010) Novel plant metalloproteinase from Dieffenbachia seguine causes fingertip necrosis. Br J Dermatol 162:1150–1152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Modi GM, Doherty CB, Kotta R, Orengol F (2009) Irritant contact dermatitis from plants. Dermatitis 20:63–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Oakley AMM, Ive FA, Harrison MA (1986) String trimmer’s dermatitis. J Soc Occup Med 36:143–4Google Scholar
  42. Oliver F, Amon EU, Breathnach A et al (1991) Contact urticaria due to the common stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) – histological, ultrastructural and pharmacological studies. Clin Exp Dermatol 16(1):17PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Orchard S, Fellman JH, Storrs FJ (1986) Poison ivy/oak dermatitis. Arch Dermatol 122:783PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Paniaqua CT, Bean AS (2011) Black-spot poison ivy: a rare phenomenon. J Am Acad Nurse Pract 23:275–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Paulsen E (2017) Systemic allergic contact dermatitis caused by sesquiterpene lactones. Contact Dermatitis 76:1–10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Paulsen E, Andersen KE (2011) Screening for Compositae sensitization with pure allergens: implications of molecular structure, strength of reaction, and time of testing. Contact Dermatitis 64:96–103PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Paulsen E, Andersen KE (2016) Lettuce contact allergy. Contact Dermatitis 74:67–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Paulsen E, Søgaard J, Andersen KE (1998) Occupational dermatitis in Danish gardeners and greenhouse workers (III). Compositae-related symptoms. Contact Dermatitis 38:140–146PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Paulsen E, Christensen LP, Andersen KE (2007) Compositae dermatitis from airborne parthenolide. Br J Dermatol 156:510–515PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Paulsen E, Christensen L, Andersen KE (2010) Dermatitis from common ivy (Hedera helix L. subsp. helix) in Europe: past, present, and future. Contact Dermatitis 62:201–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Pradalier A, Leriche E, Trinh C, Molitor JL (2004) Le retour de l’enfant prodigue ou l’allergie au ficus. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 36:326–329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Rai R, Thomas M (2016) Photopatch and UV-irradiated patch testing in photosensitive dermatitis. Indian Dermatol Online J 7:12–16PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Reynolds NJ, Burton JL, Bradfield JWB et al (1991) Weed wacker dermatitis (letter). Arch Dermatol 127:1419–1420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Rycroft RJG (1993) The individual at risk. In: Lovell CR (ed) Plants and the skin. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, pp 6–15Google Scholar
  55. Rycroft RJG, Lovell CR, Harries PG et al (1987) Occupational irritant contact dermatitis from chicory. Bolletino di Dermatologia Allergologica e Professionale 2:77–82Google Scholar
  56. Schalock PC (2009) Lichen extracts. Dermatitis 20:53–54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Schmidt RJ (2001) The botanical dermatology database (http://BoDD.Cf.ac.uk): an electronic reincarnation of Mitchell and Rook’s Botanical Dermatology. Am J Contact Dermat 12:40–42
  58. Shmunes E, Keil JE (1983) Occupational dermatoses in South Carolina: a descriptive analysis of cost variables. J Am Acad Dermatol 9:861–866PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Sirvent S, Tordesillas L, Villalba M et al (2011) Pollens and plant food profilin allergens show equivalent IgE reactivity. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 106:429–435PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Thurston EL, Lersten N (1969) The morphology and toxicology of plant stinging hairs. Bot Rev 35:393–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Vale PT (1993) Prevention of phytophotodermatitis from celery. Contact Dermatitis 29:108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Van de Scheur MR, Bruynzeel DP (2004) Acute anaphylaxis after pine nut skin testing. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 92:93PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Villalta D, Asero R (2010) Sensitization to the pollen panallergen profiling. Is the detection of immunoglobulin E to multiple homologous proteins from different sources clinically useful? J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 20:591–595PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Von der Werth JM, Ratcliffe J, English JSC (1999) Compositae mix is a more sensitive test for compositae dermatitis than the sesquiterpene lactone mix. Contact Dermatitis 40:273–276PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Weisberg AJ, Kim G, Werdwood JH et al (2017) Sequencing and de novo assembly of the Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy) transcriptome. Genes (Basel) 8(11):E317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Yoo KH, Seo SJ, Hong CK (2010) Ingestion of Rhus chicken causing systemic contact dermatitis in a Korean patient. Clin Exp Dermatol 35:756–758PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zachariae C, Engkilde K, Johanssen JD et al (2007) Primin in the European standard patch test series for 20 years. Contact Dermatitis 56:344–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Avalos J, Maibach HI (2000) Dermatologic botany. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  2. Benezra C, Ducombs G, Sell Y, Foussereau J (1985) Plant contact dermatitis. BC Decker, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  3. Hausen BM (1988) Allergiepflanzen Pflanzenallergene: Handbuch u. Atlas d.allergie-induzierenden Wild- und Kulturpflanzen Teil 1. Kontaktallergene. Ecomed, Landsberg, MunchenGoogle Scholar
  4. Lovell CR (1993b) Plants and the skin. Blackwell Scientific, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Mitchell J, Rook A (1979) Botanical dermatology. Plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Greengrass, VancouverGoogle Scholar
  6. Ott A (1991) Haut und Pflanzen. Gustav Fischer Verlag, StuttgartGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Dermatology UnitRoyal United HospitalBathUK

Personalised recommendations