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Organic Solvents

  • Sibylle SchliemannEmail author
  • Anders Boman
  • J. E. Wahlberg
Reference work entry

Abstract

Industrial solvents are volatile organic liquids commonly used to dissolve other organic materials such as oils, fats, resins, rubber, lacquers, waxes, perfumes, and plastic. They have a very wide variety of uses, including:
  • Analytical chemistry

  • Carriers and intermediates in organic synthesis

  • Dyeing of paper, plastics, fabrics

  • Dry cleaning

  • Floor laying

  • Fuels, gasoline (Contestable 2017)

  • Graphic industries, rotogravure printing

  • Maintenance and machinery repair, mechanics (Warshaw et al. 2017)

  • Media for extraction processes

  • Metal degreasing Painting

  • Paint manufacturing

  • Production of glass-fiber-reinforced polyester

  • Professional cleaning (Gerster et al. 2014)

  • Spotting agents

  • Shoe manufacturing (Febriana et al. 2014)

  • Surface coating

Keywords

Acute irritant contact dermatitis Allergic contact dermatitis Contact urticaria Dermatoses Occupational exposure limit values (OELs) REACH Regulation Scleroderma Steven-Johnson syndrome Turpentine Whitening 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sibylle Schliemann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anders Boman
    • 2
  • J. E. Wahlberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity Hospital Jena, Friedrich-Schiller-UniversityJenaGermany
  2. 2.Department of Occupational and EnvironmentalKarolinska Institutet, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental DermatologyStockholmSweden
  3. 3.StockholmSweden

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