Inks and Dyes

  • Christophe J. Le CozEmail author
Reference work entry


CM1. Although seldom reported, contact dermatitis in printing industry seems frequent (in almost 50% of workers).

CM2. Soaps, detergents, and solvents are mainly responsible for irritant contact dermatitis.

CM3. Allergic contact dermatitis due to inks is mainly reported from (meth-)acrylic compounds in UV-curable inks and varnishes.

CM4. Permanent hair coloring systems are frequent sensitizers in hairdressers, with dyes (p-phenylenediamine, toluene 2,5-diamine and p-aminophenol) and coupling agents (m-aminophenol).

CM5. Textile dyes in industry can sensitize workers, mainly in emerging countries, during the fabrication, the mixing of dyes, and the tinting textile processes.

CM6. Among textile dyes, the most frequent sensitizers are disperse dyes (anthraquinone and azo dyes), fiber-reactive dyes, and the coupling agent Naphthol AS.


Acid dyes Disperse dyes Fiber-reactive dyes Nonindustrial inks Pentaerythritol triacrylate (PETA) Textile dyes Ultraviolet (UV)-cured printing inks 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cabinet de DermatologieStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de DermatochimieStrasbourgFrance

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