Some Other Metals

  • Anneli JulanderEmail author
  • Carola Lidén
Reference work entry


Several metals such as aluminum, beryllium, copper, gold, mercury, palladium, platinum, and rhodium are able to cause skin sensitization, allergic contact dermatitis, and other skin effects.

Pure metals, alloys, and metal compounds have different abilities to cause sensitization and dermatitis. Furthermore many of the metals and their compounds are also known to cause systemic toxicity and cancer.

The clinical relevance of patch test reactivity to some of these metals is not known. The prevalence of contact allergy in occupationally exposed groups, consumers, or dermatitis patients is also not known for all of these metals. However, some of the precious metals are increasingly used in dental alloys and jewelry and may pose new health risks.


Alloys Aluminum Arsenic Beryllium Cadmium Copper Dentistry Granuloma Jewelry Metal compounds Mercury Metal salts Occupational exposure Palladium Platinum Rhodium Silver Systemic toxicity Skin effects Tin 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental MedicineKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden

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