Contact Urticaria

  • Christophe J. Le CozEmail author
Reference work entry


In occupational contact urticaria, various causative agents have been described, in particular chemicals or proteins.

The mechanism can be an immunological or non-immunological.

Natural rubber latex is due to immediatetype.

Immediate type hypersensitivity reactions to natural latex proteins are well-described causes of occupational contact urticaria, resulting in protein contact dermatitis.

Identification of occupational contact urticaria, in particular under the clinical picture of protein contact dermatitis is a diagnostic challenge.


Aquagenic urticaria Cold urticaria Cyclic acid anhydrides Heat urticaria Immunological contact urticaria (ICU) Protein contact dermatitis Quaternary ammonium compounds Symptomatic dermographism Vibratory urticaria angioedema 


  1. Aalto-Korte K, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S (2003) Specific immunoglobulin E in patients with immediate persulfate hypersensitivity. Contact Dermatitis 49:22–25PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aalto-Korte K, Susitaival P, Kaminska R, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S (2005) Occupational protein contact dermatitis from shiitake mushroom and demonstration of shiitake-specific immunoglobulin E. Contact Dermatitis 53(4):211–213PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Agrup G, Sjöstedt L (1985) Contact urticaria in laboratory technicians working with animals. Acta Derm Venereol 65:111–115PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Alanko K, Tuomi T, Vanhanen M, Pajari-Backas M, Kanerva L, Havu K, Saarinen K, Bruynzeel DP (2000) Occupational IgE-mediated allergy to Tribolium confusum (confused flour beetle). Allergy 55:879–882PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ale SI, Maibach HI (2000) Occupational contact urticaria. In: Kanerva L, Elsner P, Wahlberg JE, Maibach HI (eds) Handbook of occupational dermatology. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, pp 200–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alikhan A, Chan HP, Maibach HI (2009) Produce-induced contact urticaria and dermatitis: Solanaceae and Alliaceae. Contact Dermatitis 60:174–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Allmers H, Schmengler J, John SM (2004) Decreasing incidence of occupational contact urticaria caused by natural rubber latex allergy in German health care workers. J Allergy Clin Immunol 114:347–351PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Amaro C, Goossens A (2008) Immunological occupational contact urticaria and contact dermatitis from proteins: a review. Contact Dermatitis 58:67–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Aoyama K, Ueda A, Manda F, Matsushita T, Ueda T, Yamauchi C (1992) Allergy to laboratory animals: an epidemiological study. Br J Ind Med 49:41–47PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Basketter D, Lahti A (2011) Immediate contact reactions. In: Johansen JD, Frosch PJ, Lepoittevin JP (eds) Contact dermatitis, 5th edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 137–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Belsito DV (1993) Contact urticaria from pentamidine isethionate. Contact Dermatitis 29:158–159PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bergman A, Svedberg U, Nilsson E (1995) Contact urticaria with anaphylactic reactions caused by occupational exposure to iridium salt. Contact Dermatitis 32:14–17PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bourrain JL (2006) Occupational contact urticaria. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 30:39–46PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Brehler R (1996) Contact urticaria caused by latex-free nitrile gloves. Contact Dermatitis 34:296PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bulcke DM, Devos SA (2007) Hand and forearm dermatoses among veterinarians. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 21:360–363PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chan RY, Oppenheimer JJ (2002) Occupational allergy caused by Peruvian lily (Alstroemeria). Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 88(6):638–639PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Condé-Salazar L, Guimaraens D, González MA, Mancebo E (2001) Occupational allergic contact urticaria from amoxicillin. Contact Dermatitis 45:109PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Condé-Salazar L, Vazquez-Cortes S, Gonzalez de Olano D, Gonzalez-Guerra E, Raya Aguado C, Martinez Sanchez MJ, Canello Heranz MJ, Canello Heranz MJ, Blancas M, Blancas M, Cuevas M (2005) Occupational contact urticaria caused by seafood handling. Contact Dermatitis 53:178PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Cristaudo A, Sera F, Severino V, De Rocco M, Di Lella E, Picardo M (2005) Occupational hypersensitivity to metal salts, including platinum, in the secondary industry. Allergy 60:159–164PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cvetkovski RS, Zachariae R, Jensen H, Olsen J, Johansen JD, Agner T (2006) Prognosis of occupational hand eczema: a follow-up study. Arch Dermatol 142:305–311PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dannaker CJ, Maibach HI, O’Malley M (1993) Contact urticaria and anaphylaxis to the fungicide chlorothalonil. Cutis 52:312–315PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Dooms-Goossens A, Deveylder H, Duron C, Dooms M, Degreef H (1986) Airborne contact urticaria due to cinchona. Contact Dermatitis 15:258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Doutre MS (2005) Occupational contact urticaria and protein contact dermatitis. Eur J Dermatol 15:419–424PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Ducombs G (2007) Erucisme et papillonite. Progrès en Dermato-Allergologie. John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 79–91Google Scholar
  25. Ebo DG, Bridts CH, Mertens MH, Stevens WJ (2006) Coriander anaphylaxis in a spice grinder with undetected occupational allergy. Acta Clin Belg 61:152–156PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Edwards EK Jr, Edwards EK (1984) Contact urticaria and allergic contact dermatitis caused by paraphenylenediamine. Cutis 34:87–88PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Engel F, Lipsker D (2009) Urticaires. In: Saurat JH, Lachapelle JM, Lipsker D, Thomas L (eds) Dermatologie et infections sexuellement transmissibles. Elsevier, Masson SAS, pp 327–337Google Scholar
  28. Estévez MD (2006) Occupational contact urticaria-dermatitis by Tyrophagus putrescentiae. Contact Dermatitis 55:308–309PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Estlander T, Kanerva L, Tupasela O, Keskinen H, Jolanki R (1993) Immediate and delayed allergy to nickel with contact urticaria, rhinitis, asthma and contact dermatitis. Clin Exp Allergy 23:306–310PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Estlander T, Kanerva L, Tupasela O, Jolanki R (1998) Occupational contact urticaria and type I sensitization caused by gerbera. Contact Dermatitis 38:118–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Farrell FJ (1987) Angioedema and urticaria as acute and late phase reactions to zinc fume exposure, with associated metal fume fever-like symptoms. Am J Ind Med 12:331–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fischer TW, Bauer A, Hipler UC, Elsner P (1999) Non-immunologic contact urticaria from chrysanthemum confirmed by the CAST method. Complement-activated (C5a) cellular antigen stimulation test. Contact Dermatitis 41:293–295PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Fisher AA (1987) Contact urticaria and anaphylactoid reaction due to corn starch surgical glove powder. Contact Dermatitis 16:224–225PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Fisher AA, Stengel F (1977) Allergic occupational hand dermatitis due to calf’s liver. An urticarial “immediate” type hypersensitivity. Cutis 19:561–565PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Foti C, Carino M, Cassano N, Panebianco R, Veña GA, Ambrosi L (1997) Occupational contact urticaria from paprika. Contact Dermatitis 37:135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Foti C, Antelmi A, Mistrello G, Guarneri F, Filotico R (2007) Occupational contact urticaria and rhinoconjunctivitis from dog’s milk in a veterinarian. Contact Dermatitis 56:169–171PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Galvez Lozano JM, Alcantara M, De San Pedro BS, Quiralte J, Caba I (2009) Occupational contact urticaria caused by donepezil. Contact Dermatitis 61:176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Garcés Sotillos MM, Blanco Carmona JG, Juste Picón S, Rodríguez Gastón P, Pérez Giménez R, Alonso Gil L (1995) Occupational asthma and contact urticaria caused by mukali wood dust (Aningeria robusta). J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 5:113–114PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Geyer E, Kränke B, Derhaschnig J, Aberer W (1998) Contact urticaria from roe deer meat and hair. Contact Dermatitis 39:34PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Goossens A, Amaro C, Géraut C (2007) Urticaire et dermatite de contact aux protéines en pathologie professionnelle. Progrès en Dermato-Allergologie. John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 57–70Google Scholar
  41. Gutgesell C, Fuchs T (1995) Contact urticaria from beer. Contact Dermatitis 33:436–437PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gutiérrez-Fernández D, Fuentes-Vallejo MS, Rueda-Ygueravides MD, Bartolomé-Zavala B, Foncubierta Fernández A, León Jiménez A (2007) Contact urticaria to phthalic anhydride. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 17:422–423PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Hannu T, Alanko K, Keskinen H (2006) Anaphylaxis and allergic contact urticaria from occupational airborne exposure to HBTU. Occup Med (Lond) 56:430–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Haustein UF (1976) Anaphylactic shock and contact urticaria after the patch test with professional allergens. Allerg Immunol (Leipz) 22(4):349–352Google Scholar
  45. Helander I (1977) Contact urticaria from leather containing formaldehyde. Arch Dermatol 113:1443PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Helaskoski E, Kuuliala O, Aalto-Korte K (2009) Occupational contact urticaria caused by cyclic acid anhydrides. Contact Dermatitis 60:214–221PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Helgesen AL, Austad J (1997) Contact urticaria from aluminium and nickel in the same patient. Contact Dermatitis 37:303–304PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Hesford JD, Platts-Mills TA, Edlich RF (1995) Anaphylaxis after laboratory rat bite: an occupational hazard. J Emerg Med 13:765–768PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Hjorth N, Roed-Petersen J (1976) Occupational protein contact dermatitis in food handlers. Contact Dermatitis 2:28–42PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Horn HM, Aldridge RD (2003) Contact urticaria due to nitrile gloves. Contact Dermatitis 49:163–164PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Houtappel M, Bruijnzeel-Koomen CA, Röckmann H (2008) Immediate-type allergy by occupational exposure to didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride. Contact Dermatitis 59:116–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Jeebhay MF, Robins TG, Lehrer SB, Lopata AL (2001) Occupational seafood allergy: a review. Occup Environ Med 58:553–562PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Jeebhay MF, Baatjies R, Chang YS, Kim YK, Kim YY, Major V, Lopata AL (2007) Risk factors for allergy due to the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) among table grape farm workers. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 144:143–149PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Jolanki R, Estlander T, Kanerva L (1987) Occupational contact dermatitis and contact urticaria caused by epoxy resins. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh) 134:90–94Google Scholar
  55. Kanerva L, Estlander T (1997) Immediate and delayed skin allergy from cow dander. Am J Contact Dermat 8:167–169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Kanerva L, Susitaival P (1996) Cow dander: the most common cause of occupational contact urticaria in Finland. Contact Dermatitis 35:309–310PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kanerva L, Vanhanen M (2001) Occupational allergic contact urticaria and rhinoconjunctivitis from a detergent protease. Contact Dermatitis 45:49–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Kanerva L, Tarvainen K, Tupasela O, Kaarsalo K, Estlander T (1995a) Occupational allergic contact urticaria caused by cockroach (Blaberus giganteus). Contact Dermatitis 33:445–446PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Kanerva L, Estlander T, Jolanki R, Tarvainen K (1995b) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis and contact urticaria caused by polyfunctional aziridine hardener. Contact Dermatitis 33:304–309PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kanerva L, Toikkanen J, Jolanki R, Estlander T (1996) Statistical data on occupational contact urticaria. Contact Dermatitis 35:229–233PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kanerva L, Alanko K, Estlander T, Sihvonen T, Jolanki R (1997) Occupational allergic contact urticaria from chloramine-T solution. Contact Dermatitis 37:180–181PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kanerva L, Tuppurainen M, Keskinen H (1998a) Contact urticaria caused by obeche wood (Triplochiton scleroxylon). Contact Dermatitis 38:170–171PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Kanerva L, Vanhanen M, Tupasela O (1998b) Occupational contact urticaria from cellulase enzyme. Contact Dermatitis 38:176–177PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kanerva L, Alanko K, Jolanki R, Estlander T (1999a) Airborne allergic contact urticaria from methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride and hexahydrophthalic anhydride. Contact Dermatitis 41:339–341PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kanerva L, Grenquist-Nordén B, Piirilä P (1999b) Occupational IgE-mediated contact urticaria from diphenylmethane-4,4-diisocyanate (MDI). Contact Dermatitis 41:50–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kanerva L, Estlander T, Petman L, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S (2001) Occupational allergic contact urticaria to yucca (Yucca aloifolia), weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), and spathe flower (Spathiphyllum wallisii). Allergy 56:1008–1011PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Kanerva L, Pelttari M, Jolanki R, Alanko K, Estlander T, Suhonen R (2002) Occupational contact urticaria from diglycidyl ether of bisphenol a epoxy resin. Allergy 57:1205–1207PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Kavli G, Moseng D (1987) Contact urticaria from mustard in fish-stick production. Contact Dermatitis 17:153–155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Keskinen H, Ostman P, Vaheri E, Tarvainen K, Grenquist-Norden B, Karppinen O, Nordman H (1991) A case of occupational asthma, rhinitis and urticaria due to sesame seed. Clin Exp Allergy 21:623–624PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Kiistala R, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S, Heikkinen K, Rinne J, Haahtela T (1999) Occupational allergic rhinitis and contact urticaria caused by bishop’s weed (Ammi majus). Allergy 54:635–639PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Kim JE, Kim SH, Kim JH, Bahn JW, Jin HJ, Ye YM, Park HS (2011) A case of piperacillin-induced occupational anaphylaxis: detection of serum IgE to piperacillin-HSA conjugate. J Korean Med Sci 26:682–685PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Konstantinou GN, Grattan CE (2008) Food contact hypersensitivity syndrome: the mucosal contact urticaria paradigm. Clin Exp Dermatol 33:383–389PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Krakowiak A, Kowalczyk M, Palczyñski C (2004) Occupational contact urticaria and rhinoconjunctivitis in a veterinarian from bull terrier’s seminal fluid. Contact Dermatitis 50:385PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Krecisz B, Kiec-Swierczynska M, Krawczyk P, Chomiczewska D, Palczynski C (2009) Cobalt-induced anaphylaxis, contact urticaria, and delayed allergy in a ceramics decorator. Contact Dermatitis 60:173–174PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Kwon HJ, Kim MY, Kim HO, Park YM (2006) The simultaneous occurrence of contact urticaria from sulbactam and allergic contact dermatitis from ampicillin in a nurse. Contact Dermatitis 54:176–178PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Lachapelle JM, Maibach HI (2003) Patch testing. Prick testing. A practical guide. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg/New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Le Coz CJ (2007) Les intolérances aux teintures capillaires et leur mise au point allergologique. Progrès en Dermato-Allergologie. John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 99–129Google Scholar
  78. Le Coz CJ, Ducombs G, Paulsen E (2011) Plant and plant products. In: Johansen JD, Frosch PJ, Lepoittevin JP (eds) Contact dermatitis, 5th edn. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 873–925CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Lembo S, Panariello L, D’Errico FP, Lembo G (2008) Professional’s and non-professional’s papular urticaria caused by Scleroderma domesticum. Contact Dermatitis 58:58–59PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Lepoittevin JP, Le Coz CJ (2009) Dictionnaire des allergènes de contact. Springer, Paris/Berlin/Heidelberg/New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Li LF, Sujan SA, Li QX (2004) Contact urticaria syndrome from occupational benzonitrile exposure. Contact Dermatitis 50:377–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Liu W, Nixon RL (2007) Corn contact urticaria in a nurse. Australas J Dermatol 48:130–131PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Lopata AL, Fenemore B, Jeebhay MF, Gäde G, Potter PC (2005) Occupational allergy in laboratory workers caused by the African migratory grasshopper Locusta migratoria. Allergy 60:200–205PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Lovell CR, Rycroft RJ (1984) Contact urticaria from winged bean the (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus). Contact Dermatitis 10:314–315PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Macedo NA, Piñeyro MI, Carmona C (1991) Contact urticaria and contact dermatitis from albendazole. Contact Dermatitis 25:73–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Maibach HI, Johnson HL (1975) Contact urticaria syndrome. Contact urticaria to diethyltoluamide (immediate type hypersensitivity). Arch Dermatol 111:726–730PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Majoie IM, Bruynzeel DP (1996) Occupational immediate-type hypersensitivity to henna in a hairdresser. Am J Contact Dermat 7:38–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Mälkönen T, Jolanki R, Alanko K, Luukkonen R, Aalto-Korte K, Lauerma A, Susitaival P (2009) A 6-month follow-up study of 1048 patients diagnosed with an occupational skin disease. Contact Dermatitis 61:261–268PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mendoncafz C, Madan V, Austin S, Beck MH (2005) Occupational contact urticaria from walnut associated with hand eczema. Contact Dermatitis 53:173–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Mikkelsen F, Thomsen K (1978) Occupational contact dermatitis to human hair. Contact Dermatitis 4:165–166PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Milković-Kraus S, Macan J, Kanceljak-Macan B (2007) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from azithromycin in pharmaceutical workers: a case series. Contact Dermatitis 56:99–102PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Miranda-Romero A, Navarro L, Pérez-Oliva N, González-López A, García-Muñoz M (1998) Occupational heat contact urticaria. Contact Dermatitis 38:358–359PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Miyake H, Morishima Y, Kishimoto S (2000) Occupational contact urticaria syndrome from cefotiam dihydrochloride in a latex-allergic nurse. Contact Dermatitis 43:230–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Morren MA, Janssens V, Dooms-Gossens A, Van Hoeyveld E, Cornelis A, De Wolf-Peeters C, Heremans A (1993) Alpha-Amylase, a flour additive: an important cause of protein contact dermatitis in bakers. J Am Acad Dermatol 29:723–728PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Moscato G, Galdi E, Scibilia J, Dellabianca A, Omodeo P, Vittadini G, Biscaldi GP (1995) Occupational asthma, rhinitis and urticaria due to piperacillin sodium in a pharmaceutical worker. Eur Respir J 8:467–469PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Nagendran V, Wicking J, Ekbote A, Onyekwe T, Garvey LH (2009) IgE-mediated chlorhexidine allergy: a new occupational hazard? Occup Med (Lond) 59:270–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Nethercott JR, Lawrence MJ, Roy AM, Gibson BL (1984) Airborne contact urticaria due to sodium benzoate in a pharmaceutical manufacturing plant. J Occup Med 26:734–736PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Nicholson PJ, Llewellyn D, English JS, Guidelines Development Group (2010) Evidence-based guidelines for the prevention, identification and management of occupational contact dermatitis and urticaria. Contact Dermatitis 63:177–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Niinimäki A, Niinimäki M, Mäkinen-Kiljunen S, Hannuksela M (1998) Contact urticaria from protein hydrolysates in hair conditioners. Allergy 53:1078–1082PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Olaiwan A, Pecquet C, Mathelier-Fusade P, Francès C (2010) Contact urticaria induced by hydrolyzed wheat proteins in cosmetics. Ann Dermatol Venereol 137:281–284PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Ophaswongse S, Maibach HI (1994) Alcohol dermatitis: allergic contact dermatitis and contact urticaria syndrome. A review. Contact Dermatitis 30:1–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Palmer KT, Rycroft RJ (1993) Occupational airborne contact urticaria due to xylene. Contact Dermatitis 28:44PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Paulsen E, Skov PS, Bindslev-Jensen C, Voitenko V, Poulsen LK (1997) Occupational type I allergy to Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera). Allergy 52:656–660PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Paulsen E, Skov PS, Andersen KE (1998) Immediate skin and mucosal symptoms from pot plants and vegetables in gardeners and greenhouse workers. Contact Dermatitis 39:16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Pérez-Calderón R, Gonzalo-Garijo A, Bartolomé-Zavala B, Lamilla-Yerga A, Moreno-Gastón I (2007) Occupational contact urticaria due to pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium). Contact Dermatitis 57:285–286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Piirilä P, Kanerva L, Alanko K, Estlander T, Keskinen H, Pajari-Backas M, Tuppurainen M (1999) Occupational IgE-mediated asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and contact urticaria caused by Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum) and tulip. Allergy 54:273–277PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Poltronieri A, Patrini L, Pigatto P, Riboldi L, Marsili C, Previdi M, Margonari M, Marraccini P (2010) Occupational allergic “march.” Rapid evolution of contact dermatitis to ammonium persulfate into airborne contact dermatitis with rhinitis and asthma in a hairdresser. Med Lav 101:403–408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Quiñones D, Alonso S, López R, Sánchez I, Rodríguez F, Fernández L, Jerez J (1999) Contact urticaria, rhinoconjunctivitis and bronchial asthma from occupational use of papain. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 27:273–275Google Scholar
  109. Quirce S, García-Figueroa B, Olaguíbel JM, Muro MD, Tabar AI (1993) Occupational asthma and contact urticaria from dried flowers of Limonium tataricum. Allergy 48:285–290PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Quirce S, Tabar AI, Olaguibel JM, Cuevas M (1996) Occupational contact urticaria syndrome caused by globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus). J Allergy Clin Immunol 97:710–711PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Raison-Peyron N, Du Thanh A, Dupuis JC, Guillot B (2009) Occupational immediate-type contact allergy to didecyl methyl polyoxyethyl ammonium propionate. Contact Dermatitis 60:296–298PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Reunala T, Björkstén F, Förström L, Kanerva L (1983) IgE-mediated occupational allergy to a spider mite. Clin Allergy 13:383–388PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Rudzki E (1975) Contact urticaria due to hairs from a rat’s tail. Contact Dermatitis 1:252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Rudzki E, Rebandel P (1985) Occupational contact urticaria from penicillin. Contact Dermatitis 13:192PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Rudzki E, Rapiejko P, Rebandel P (2003) Occupational contact dermatitis, with asthma and rhinitis, from camomile in a cosmetician also with contact urticaria from both camomile and lime flowers. Contact Dermatitis 49:162PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Ruiz Oropeza A, Fischer Friis U, Duus Johansen J (2011) Occupational contact urticaria caused by didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride. Contact Dermatitis 64:297–298PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Sartorelli P, Pistolesi P, Cioni F, Napoli R, Sisinni AG, Bellussi L, Passali GC, Cherubini Di Simplicio E, Flori L (2003) Skin and respiratory allergic disease caused by polyfunctional aziridine. Med Lav 94:285–295PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Sasseville D (1998) Contact urticaria from epoxy resin and reactive diluents. Contact Dermatitis 38:57–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Scala E, Giani M, Pirrotta L, Guerra EC, Cadoni S, Girardelli CR, De Pità O, Puddu P (2001) Occupational generalised urticaria and allergic airborne asthma due to anisakis simplex. Eur J Dermatol 11:249–250PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Schena D, Barba A, Costa G (1996) Occupational contact urticaria due to cisplatin. Contact Dermatitis 34:220–221PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Seite-Bellezza D, el Sayed F, Bazex J (1994) Contact urticaria from cinnamic aldehyde and benzaldehyde in a confectioner. Contact Dermatitis 31:272–273PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Shelley WB, Shelley ED, Talanin NY (1998) Urticaria due to occupational exposure to glyceryl monothioglycolate permanent wave solution. Acta Derm Venereol 78:471–472PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Sherertz EF (1994) Occupational skin disease in the pharmaceutical industry. Dermatol Clin 12:533–536PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Shimizu S, Chen KR, Miyakawa S (1996) Cefotiam-induced contact urticaria syndrome: an occupational condition in Japanese nurses. Dermatology 192:174–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Stingeni L, Bellini V, Lisi P (2008) Occupational airborne contact urticaria and asthma: simultaneous immediate and delayed allergy to diphenylmethane-4,4′-diisocyanate. Contact Dermatitis 58:112–113PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Sugiura K, Sugiura M, Hayakawa R, Sasaki K (2000) Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DOP) in the dotted polyvinyl-chloride grip of cotton gloves as a cause of contact urticaria syndrome. Contact Dermatitis 43:237–238PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Sugiura K, Sugiura M, Hayakawa R, Shamoto M, Sasaki K (2002a) A case of contact urticaria syndrome due to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DOP) in work clothes. Contact Dermatitis 46:13–16PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Sugiura K, Sugiura M, Shiraki R, Hayakawa R, Shamoto M, Sasaki K, Itoh A (2002b) Contact urticaria due to polyethylene gloves. Contact Dermatitis 46:262–266PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Tabar AI, Alvarez MJ, Celay E, López R, de Esteban B, Gómez B (2003) Allergy to asparagus. An Sist Sanit Navar 26(Suppl 2):17–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Tanaka T, Moriwaki SI, Horio T (1987) Occupational dermatitis with simultaneous immediate and delayed allergy to chrysanthemum. Contact Dermatitis 16:152–154PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Tarvainen K, Kanerva L, Tupasela O, Grenquist-Nordén B, Jolanki R, Estlander T, Keskinen H (1991) Allergy from cellulase and xylanase enzymes. Clin Exp Allergy 21:609–615PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Tarvainen K, Jolanki R, Estlander T, Tupasela O, Pfäffli P, Kanerva L (1995) Immunologic contact urticaria due to airborne methylhexahydrophthalic and methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydrides. Contact Dermatitis 32(4):204–209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Taylor JS, Praditsuwan P (1996) Latex allergy. Review of 44 cases including outcome and frequent association with allergic hand eczema. Arch Dermatol 132:265–271PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Temesvari E (1984) Contact urticaria from paraphenylenediamine. Contact Dermatitis 11:125PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Thormann H, Paulsen E (2008) Contact urticaria to common ivy (Hedera helix cv. ‘Hester’) with concomitant immediate sensitivity to the labiate family (Lamiaceae) in a Danish gardener. Contact Dermatitis 59:179–180PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Torresani C, Zendri E, Vescovi V, De Panfilis G (2003) Contact urticaria syndrome from occupational triphenyl phosphite exposure. Contact Dermatitis 48:237–238PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Tosti A, Melino M, Veronesi S (1987) Contact urticaria to tobacco. Contact Dermatitis 16:225–226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Uter W, Nöhle M, Randerath B, Schwanitz HJ (2001) Occupational contact urticaria and late-phase bronchial asthma caused by compositae pollen in a florist. Am J Contact Dermat 12:182–184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Valks R, Conde-Salazar L, Barrantes OL (2003) Occupational allergic contact urticaria and asthma from diphenylmethane-4,4′-diisocyanatae. Contact Dermatitis 49:166–167PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Valsecchi R, Leghissa P, Cortinovis R (2003) Occupational contact dermatitis and contact urticaria in veterinarians. Contact Dermatitis 49:167–168PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Vega JM, Moneo I, Ortiz JC, Palla PS, Sanchís ME, Vega J, Gonzalez-Muñoz M, Battisti A, Roques A (2011) Prevalence of cutaneous reactions to the pine processionary moth (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) in an adult population. Contact Dermatitis 64:220–228PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Vidal C, Polo F (1998) Occupational allergy caused by Dianthus caryophillus, Gypsophila paniculata, and Lilium longiflorum. Allergy 53:995–998PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Von Krogh G, Maibach HI (1981) The contact urticaria syndrome. An updated review J Am Acad Dermatol 5:328–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Wakelin SH (2001) Contact urticaria. Clin Exp Dermatol 26:132–136PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Warner MR, Taylor JS, Leow YH (1997) Agents causing contact urticaria. Clin Dermatol 15:623–635PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Weiss RR, Mowad C (1998) Contact urticaria from xylene. Am J Contact Dermat 9:125–127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Weltfriend S, Kwangsukstith C, Maibach HI (1995) Contact urticaria from cucumber pickle and strawberry. Contact Dermatitis 32:173–174PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Willi R, Pfab F, Huss-Marp J, Buters JT, Zilker T, Behrendt H, Ring J, Darsow U (2009) Contact anaphylaxis and protein contact dermatitis in a cook handling chicory leaves. Contact Dermatitis 60:226–227PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Williams JD, Moyle M, Nixon RL (2007a) Occupational contact urticaria from parmesan cheese. Contact Dermatitis 56:113–114PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Williams J, Roberts H, Tate B (2007b) Contact urticaria to olives. Contact Dermatitis 56:52–53PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Williams JD, Lee AY, Matheson MC, Frowen KE, Noonan AM, Nixon RL (2008a) Occupational contact urticaria: Australian data. Br J Dermatol 159:125–131PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Williams C, Thompstone J, Wilkinson M (2008b) Work-related contact urticaria to Cannabis sativa. Contact Dermatitis 58:62–63PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Yamaguchi J, Inomata N, Hirokado M, Shimakura K, Shiomi K, Ikezawa Z (2007) A case of occupational contact urticaria and oral allergy syndrome due to seafood. Arerugi 56:49–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Yokota K, Johyama Y, Miyaue H, Matsumoto N, Yamaguchi K (2001) Occupational contact urticaria caused by airborne methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride. Ind Health 39:347–352PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Yung A, Papworth-Smith J, Wilkinson SM (2003) Occupational contact urticaria from the solid-phase peptide synthesis coupling agents HATU and HBTU. Contact Dermatitis 49:108–109PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Zschunke E (1978) Contact urticaria, dermatitis and asthma from cockroaches (Periplaneta americana). Contact Dermatitis 4:313–314PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cabinet de DermatologieStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de DermatochimieStrasbourgFrance

Personalised recommendations