Mining (Tunneling)

  • Hanspeter RastEmail author
Reference work entry


The risk of skin disease for miners may be linked directly with the special characteristics of the resources being won, but it may also depend on the applied working method – which is often very similar in modern tunneling and in mining. Accelerators (in shotcrete) and reactive resins (e.g., epoxy resins and polyacrylates) represent a particular hazard to the skin of miners, in contrast the content of chromate in cement has decreased in many countries. Occasionally rubber additives, explosives, and lubricants are the reason of skin problems. In mining depending on the type and methods, nickel, cobalt, mercury, and other metals as well as xanthates should be taken in consideration as relevant allergens.


Tunnel Mines Shotcrete Accelerators Reactive resins Explosives Metals Xanthates 


  1. Irvine C et al (1994) Cement dermatitis in underground workers during construction of the Channel Tunnel. Occup Med (Lond) 44:17–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Sasseville D et al (2007) Cross-reactions between xanthates and rubber additives. Dermatitis 18:150–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Thompson AM et al (2010) Vibration-white foot: a case report. Occup Med (Lond) 60:572–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Occupational MedicineSuva (Swiss National Accident Insurance Fund)LuzernSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations