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Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Biodegradable Plastics and Their Applications

  • Abhilasha Singh MathuriyaEmail author
  • J. V. Yakhmi
Reference work entry

Abstract

Human civilization has experienced several ages such as stone, bronze, iron, and steel, and now it is a plastic age. Due to multifaceted properties of plastic, it is one of the most widely available and overused item in the world today and became a necessary evil. When disposed, it does not decompose and pollutes the land or air nearby when burned in the open air. Plastic pollution is affecting the global economy. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) have been drawing much attention as biodegradable substitutes for conventional nondegradable plastics. PHAs are synthesized by numerous bacteria as carbon and energy storage capsules and are good candidates as biodegradable plastic material. Because of their versatility and wide range of properties, biodegradable PHAs are being used in various areas of modern benefits. With the currently increased interest level and the extensive research being carried out in this area, PHAs are potentially emerging as environmentally friendly materials of the next generation with a wide range of applicability. This chapter deals with the recent advances in applicability of PHAs.

List of Abbreviations

3HV

3-Hydroxyvaleric acid

3HA

Hydroxyalkanoic acid

3HB

3-hydroxybutyric acid

3HD

3-Hydroxydecanoic acid

3HO

3-Hydroxyoctanoate

4HB

4-Hydroxybutyric acid

GHB

Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid

HB

3-Hydroxybutyrate

HV

3-Hydroxyvalerate

P(3HB-3 HV-3HHx)/ P(3HB-co-3 HV-co-3HHx)

Poly-3hydroxybutyrate-co-3hydroxyvalerate-co-3hydroxyhexanoate

P(3HB-3 HV-DHB)

Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate-co-2,3-dihydroxybutyrate)

P(3HB-3HO)

Poly-3hydroxybutyrate-co-3hydroxyoctanoate

P(3HB-4HB-3 HV)

Poly-3hydroxybutyrate-co-4hydroxybutyrate-co-3hydroxyvalerate

P(3HB-co- 3 HV)/ P(3HB-3 HV)

Poly-3hydroxybutyrate-co-3hydroxyvalerate

P(3HB-co(4HB)

Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate)

P(3HDD-co-3H9D)

Poly-3-hydroxydodecanoate-3-hydroxy-9-decenoate

P(3HO)

Poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate)

PE

Polyethylene

PGA

Polyglycollic acid

PHA

Polyhydroxyalkanoate

PHB/P3HB

Poly (3- hydroxybutyrate)

PHBHHx/P(3HO-co-3HHx)

P(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate)

PHBV

Poly(3-hydroxybutyric acid-co-3-hydroxyvaleric acid)/ polyhydroxybutyrate-co-valerate

PLA

Polyvinylacetate

PP

Polypropylene

pTHPP

5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-21H, 23H–porphine

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologySchool of Engineering and Technology, Sharda UniversityGreater NoidaIndia
  2. 2.Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI)Anushaktinagar, MumbaiIndia

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