Catalytic Upgrading of Bio-oil for Production of Drop-In Fuels

  • Maryam Takht RavanchiEmail author
  • Saeed Sahebdelfar
Reference work entry


The depletion of fossil fuel reserves together with CO2 emission concerns have promoted worldwide search foralternative renewable and sustainable feedstocks for the production of chemicals and fuels. Lignocellulosicbiomass has good potentials because of its abundance and relatively low cost. The chemical conversion ofbiomass to commodity products involves steps mostly passing through an intermediate known as bio-oil, which isequivalent to crude oil. However, it could not be processed in the same way as petroleum, mostly due to thecorrosively and low stability problems associated with its high oxygen content. Nevertheless, the topic is ofconsiderable interest with a large amount of research underway. Catalysis will play an important role for futuredevelopments with both conventional and novel catalysts are being extensively studied. The results showed thatsignificant modifications are necessary to achieve the desirable catalytic performance. Co-processing of bio-oiland/or its derivatives in conventional refineries will positively influence the viability of the emerging technologies.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Petrochemical Company, Petrochemical Research and Technology CompanyTehranIran

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