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Polyaniline Synthesis and Its Wide-Range Sensor and Electronic Applications

  • Sharanabasava V. GanachariEmail author
  • Pradyumna Mogre
  • Rakesh P. Tapaskar
  • Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi
  • Nagaraj R. Banapurmath
Reference work entry

Abstract

Conducting polymers (CPs) are the class of improvised organic substances showing the electrical properties analogous to metals. CPs have been trending in the research arena only because of the economic importance, better environmental stability, and improved electrical conductivity, which includes mechanical properties, electromechanical properties, and optical properties. The review also stresses on synthesis techniques, their innovation in structural properties for developing various applications in the field of mechanical sciences. New forecasts from the characterization and how they prove useful in developing certain applications are being discussed. The CPs are being used in various systems, to make the system robust in nature. The various applications include electrostatic materials, conducting adhesives, electromagnetic shielding against electromagnetic interference (EMI), artificial nerves, aircraft structures having sensoric systems, diodes, and transistors. The assessment brings in some of the potential applications of these polymers as binders with nanofibers and nanotubes in the gas sensors, nanodiodes, field-effect transistors for the transmission of power, and supercapacitors for energy storage and its prospects in the near future.

Keywords

Polyaniline Conducting polymers Gas sensor Humidity sensor Chemical vapor sensor Super capacitor Electromagnetic interference 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharanabasava V. Ganachari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pradyumna Mogre
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rakesh P. Tapaskar
    • 3
  • Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi
    • 1
    • 4
  • Nagaraj R. Banapurmath
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Material Science, Advanced Research in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, School of Mechanical EngineeringKLE Technological University (formerly known as B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology)HubballiIndia
  2. 2.Extremz Biosciences Private Limited (Govt. of Karnataka Funded Startup)KLE Technological UniversityHubballiIndia
  3. 3.Energy Cluster, Centre for Research in Renewable and Energy Systems, School of Mechanical EngineeringKLE Technological University (formerly known as B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology)HubballiIndia
  4. 4.Extremz Biosciences Private Limited (Govt. of Karnataka Funded Start-up)KLE Technological University (formerly known as B.V. Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology)HubballiIndia

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