Waste-Porous-Based Materials as Supports of TiO2 Photocatalytic Coatings for Environmental Applications

  • Vicente Rodríguez-GonzálezEmail author
  • Mariana Hinojosa-Reyes
Reference work entry


Porous materials obtained through recycling glass-waste or volcanic materials such as foams and amorphous perlite granules could be used as excellent inorganic supports for catalytic coatings. These materials have good water absorption capacity that makes them good supports for catalytic and photocatalytic coatings with surface roughness. In addition to hygroscopic characteristics, their low density (approximately 0.41–0.44 g cm−3) allows floating on water (lightweight materials). These recycled materials present a chemical composition that is approximately 74% SiO2, 15% Al2O3, and 11% alkaline oxides and alkaline earth oxides that provide a negligible contribution for photocatalytic or catalytic applications. Perlite is an expanded material extensively used in aqueous photocatalytic degradations of dyes and organic contaminants and gas-phase degradation of VOCs like ethylene benzene coupled with biofilters, achieving degradation in 3 h. Waste-glass foams present activity for green tide annihilation and solar degradation of dyes using natural solar irradiation. Both systems present negligible lixiviation and good mechanical stability during photocatalytic performance. In the present work, coatings were obtained by several synthesis methods such as sonochemical deposition or acid impregnation process using nanocrystalline-doped sol-gel TiO2 or commercial TiO2. The physiochemical characterizations by HRTEM, XRD, UV-vis-DRS, and Raman or FTIR spectroscopies are discussed and correlated with environmental applications to obtain a better understanding of these novel ecomaterial systems.

The practical active systems are a realistic strategy to scale up the systems to possible industrial applications and solve the emerging environmental pollution problems of industrialized cities.


Waste-glass-based materials Nanocatalyst Porous materials Sol-gel method Antibacterial Photocatalytic Ceramic coating Glass foam Perlite granules 


4 CP



Activated carbon


Acid orange 7




Cetyl trimethylammonium bromide


Chemical vapor deposition




Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy




Elimination capacity


Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy


Expanded perlite


Foamed glass


Fourier transform infrared


Foamed waste glass


Foamed waste-glass strips


Graphene oxide


High-resolution transmission electron microscopy


Loose bulk density




Nitric oxide


Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane


Polyvinyl alcohol


Rhodamine B


Scanning electron microscopy/microscope




Titanium dioxide






Ultraviolet radiation A


Waste ceramic foams


Waste glass


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


X-ray diffraction


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vicente Rodríguez-González
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mariana Hinojosa-Reyes
    • 2
  1. 1.División de Materiales AvanzadosIPICYT, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y TecnológicaSan Luis PotosíMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMexico

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