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Recent Advances and Techniques in the Hazardous Gases Detection

  • Prerna Bansal
  • Rakhi TharejaEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Increasing number of toxic gases is posing a serious threat to mankind. The sources of these gases could be either natural (volcanic eruptions) or manmade (chemical industries or terrorism by chemical warfare reagents). Transportation of hazardous liquids or vapour liquid could pose a risk for leakage into surroundings and hence an immediate safety program is needed. Usually gas detectors are used which operate by measuring the concentration of gases that are battery operated. The various conventional techniques includes electrochemical sensors (work via electrical signals when a gas is detected), solid state semiconductors (get triggered when gas comes in their contact), Infrared sensors (interact with gas molecules changing the path of light) and catalytic sensors (work via catalytic oxidation more specifically for combustible gases which on oxidation bring about changes in the wiring resistance). Advanced nanotechnology (carbon nanotubes. Graphenes, quantum dots) and the supramolecular polymers has allowed to design much better efficient sensors that can easily sense the gases even when they occur at very low concentration that are more economical too. These sensors could be either wirelesss or could carry an electric current when exposed to some toxic or hazardous gas that has an NFC tag which resonates with the electromagnetic fields sent out by some electronic device if the sensor is distant enough from the source of gas. These sensors can prove a boon to defense services for soldiers which can easily detect chemical weapons. They are also useful to people who work around chemical factories, petroleum refineries and hazardous waste treatment and are prone to gas leakage. Hence the society could be made safer place to live in with the use of these techniques.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryRajdhani College, University of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySt. Stephen’s CollegeDelhiIndia

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