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Artificial Photosynthesis: An Approach for a Sustainable Future

  • Matthieu Koepf
  • Anne-Lucie Teillout
  • Manuel J. Llansola-PortolesEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

The energy needs of humankind has experimented a sharp increase since the beginning of the Anthropocene due to a large increase in population and the evolution of our society’s lifestyle. Recent projections suggest that it will likely lead to a major crisis due to environmental issues associated with the increasing use of fossil fuel as major energy source, as well as due to a rapid dwindling of the classical and easily accessible fossil-fuels stocks. These issues require a quick response if the lifestyle adopted by our societies shall be sustained. Several solutions have been envisioned to tackle these problems, of which, the development of Artificial Photosynthetic systems is one of the most appealing. The field of artificial photosynthesis takes Nature itself as a source of inspiration, to propose alternative energy harvesting and storage strategies. This field of research not only aims at mimicking the main processes that permitted photosynthetic organisms to thrive and become the most successful autotrophs on earth, but as well at improving and optimizing these processes using synthetic materials. In this chapter, the underlying mechanisms that enable photosynthetic organisms to convert (and store) solar energy into a directly usable chemical energy will be discussed. Then it will be explained how these concepts can be extended to artificial systems and ultimately used to our own benefit.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthieu Koepf
    • 1
  • Anne-Lucie Teillout
    • 2
  • Manuel J. Llansola-Portoles
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie et Biologie des Métaux UMR 5249 (CEA-CNRS-Université Grenoble Alpes)CEA – Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies CommissariatGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Chimie Physique, UMR 8000, EPECUniv Paris-SudOrsayFrance
  3. 3.Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC)Université Paris-SaclayGif-sur-YvetteFrance

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