Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Rab Geranylgeranyltransferase

  • Malgorzata Gutkowska
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101635

Synonyms

Historical Background

Many proteins interact with biological membranes in a transient way, and such interaction is a prerequisite of numerous cellular processes and vesicular transport, among others. Posttranslational lipid modification of a polypeptide results in a covalent attachment of the hydrophobic anchor and increased affinity of the particular peptide to cellular membranes. Two kinds of lipid moieties are most often added to intracellular proteins: fatty acids or prenyl groups (reviewed in Wang and Casey 2016; Hentschel et al. 2016). Protein geranylgeranylation is the posttranslational modification leading to an attachment of a 20-carbon geranylgeranyl isoprenoid chain to a specific cysteine residue in a protein by a thioether bond. Rab geranylgeranyltransferase (RGGT, EC 2.5.1.60) is an enzyme responsible for di-geranylgeranylation of Rab proteins. The activity of this enzyme was first described in...
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland