Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Calreticulin

  • Elzbieta Dudek
  • Marek Michalak
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101570

Synonyms

Historical Background

Calreticulin was discovered in the early 1970s as a high affinity calcium-binding protein (HACBP) of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (Ostwald and MacLennan 1974). Later, based on N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis and molecular cloning of cDNA encoding calreticulin, it was realized that the protein was identical to calregulin, CRP55, CaBP3, ERp60, and calsequestrin-like protein (Michalak et al. 2009). The name “calreticulin” is now universally accepted to reflect the protein’s Ca2+binding capacity and localization in the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Calreticulin is a ubiquitous protein that is present in all eukaryotic cells except for erythrocytes, as these cells lack ER. There is reduced abundance of calreticulin in differentiated tissues (heart and brain), while...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada