Viral Infections, Pleural
Viral pleurisy; Viral pleuritis
Viral pleuritis is a viral infection of the pleurae, which typically causes chest pain when breathing or coughing. It is often called pleurisy. Viral infections are the most common cause of pleuritis, but it can also result from other causes, such as bacterial infections, tuberculosis, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and trauma. The inflamed pleural layers rub against each other as the lungs expand to breathe in air, leading to pleuritic chest pain. The severity of viral pleuritis varies greatly, but generally has a favorable outcome. Etiologic agents include coxsackievirus, influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and adenovirus.
Patients with viral pleuritis may present with a wide variety of symptoms. A pleural rub is a common feature in which the parietal and visceral pleurae rub together and is manifested by rapid, shallow breathing. The sharp, localized...
References and Further Reading
- Somerhausen, N., Rubin, B. P., & Fletcher, C. D. (1999). Myxoid solitary fibrous tumor: A study of seven cases with emphasis on differential diagnosis. Modern Pathology, 12(5), 463–471.Google Scholar