Enteric Cyst, Mediastinal
Enterogenous cyst; Foregut duplication cyst; Gastroenteric cyst
Enteric cyst is unilocular congenital cyst lined with different types of enteric epithelial cells, like parietal and chief cells of stomach, small and large intestinal epithelial cells, and also squamous and ciliated columnar cells. It is formed during the third and fourth week of intrauterine life when the embryonic endoderm and notochord fuse and separate. If adhesions between those two structures persist during the separation, cysts and thoracic or vertebral malformations will develop. Mediastinal enteric cyst may enlarge and produce airway obstruction, caught, pain, and dysphagia.
Rare but a real incidence is not known.
Any age. Most frequently found in infancy or childhood.
Mediastinum (usually right posterior mediastinum in retrocardiac position).
Surgery and percutaneous needle aspiration.
Generally good. There are...
References and Further Reading
- Plaza, J. A., Moran, C. A., & Suster, S. (2010). Thymus and mediastinum. In P. Gattuso, V. B. Reddy, O. David, D. J. Spitz, & M. H. Haber (Eds.), Differential diagnosis in surgical pathology (pp. 283–284). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Shimosato, Y., Mukai, K., & Matsuno, Y. (2010). Bronchogenic cyst. In S. G. Silverberg (Ed.), AFIP atlas of tumor pathology. Tumors of the mediastinum (p. 307). Washington, DC: American Registry of Pathology.Google Scholar