Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Resilience and Sustainability

  • Ali KharraziEmail author
  • Paulo Savaget
  • Shogo Kudo
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63951-2_92-1


Resilience and sustainability are abstract concepts which despite their similarities are unique in their definition and application. Sustainability is a normative concept focusing on the balanced integration of environmental, economic, and social development, while resilience is descriptive concept reflecting a system’s ability to adapt and or recover from shocks.


Despite their widespread usage, resilience and sustainability are both highly abstract concepts with a wide range of interpretations. In the broadest definition, sustainability is a normative concept reflecting the ideas of intra- and inter-generational equity, whereby the pursuit of development of the present shall not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their needs. The primary focus of sustainability is the balanced integration between environmental, social, and economic pillars of development. Pressing environmental challenges include, for example, biodiversity loss, water...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Systems Analysis GroupInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1LaxenburgAustria
  2. 2.CMCC Foundation – Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change and Ca’ FoscariUniversity of VeniceVeniceItaly
  3. 3.Durham Business SchoolUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK
  4. 4.Saïd Business SchoolUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  5. 5.Graduate Program in Sustainability Science – Global Leadership Initiative, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Noor Adelyna Mohammed Akib
    • 1
  • Tehmina Khan
    • 2
  1. 1.Universiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  2. 2.School of AccountingRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia