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Economic Considerations of Intimate Partner Violence

  • Jacqueline StrenioEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

An economic perspective adds crucial insight into research on intimate partner violence (IPV) across theoretical, practical, and methodological dimensions. Three key economic considerations for IPV scholars are presented in this chapter, including: household bargaining models, economic characteristics and their contested roles as protective or risk factors, and the economic costs and consequences of IPV. Economic models of household bargaining have been adapted to incorporate IPV and help introduce the economic approach to IPV research. This chapter provides a brief overview of such models, their assumptions and resulting predictions regarding IPV, and finally, some of their limitations. Predictions from such models sparked empirical research on the role of economic characteristics in mitigating the risk for violence. Despite theoretical predictions, economic empowerment is not universally protective. An overview of results from research on two forms of economic empowerment – employment and asset ownership – is included as is discussion on the role social norms may play in mediating the protective effects of economic empowerment. Finally, this chapter includes an outline of the economic costs and consequences of IPV. Direct, indirect, and intangible costs resulting from IPV are detailed, as well as the various categories into which such costs fall, including costs to the justice system and healthcare system. Methodologies for estimating indirect costs, in particular, are explained including the human capital approach and willingness-to-pay method. Many of these costs continue past the period of abuse, accruing at both the macroeconomic level, affecting overall economic growth, and at the individual level, by interrupting educational and employment trajectories.

Keywords

Economics IPV Bargaining models Economic empowerment Employment Asset ownership Cost-identification Human capital approach Willingness-to-pay Macroeconomic burden 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics, Southern Oregon UniversityAshlandUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Glenna Tinney
    • 1
  • Shelly M. Wagers
    • 2
  • Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling
    • 3
  1. 1.ConsultantAlexandriaUSA
  2. 2.College of Arts and Sciences - Society, Culture, and LanguageUniversity of South Florida - St. PetersburgSt. PetersburgUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South AlabamaMobileUSA

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