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Hydrocephalus in Children

  • Ian CravenEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Hydrocephalus is a frequent presentation to pediatrics, radiology, and clinical neuroradiology with surgical intervention often required to divert CSF. The role of the neuroradiologist is critical in understanding the difference between congenital and acquired etiologies and advising on subsequent management. A robust neuroradiological imaging strategy is required to obtain all of the relevant information and allow identification of any associated findings, particularly in hydrocephalus secondary to congenital malformations. Recognizing potential genetic causes can help clinicians counsel families.

Keywords

Hydrocephlaus Radiology Neuroradiology External hydrocephalus 

Abbreviations

BESS

Benign enlargement of the subarachnoid spaces

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

DWI

Diffusion weighted imaging

GRE

Gradient Echo

IVH

Intraventricular hemorrhage

MPR

multiplanar reformats

PHH

Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus

T1W

T1 weighted sequence

T2W

T2 weighted sequence

VP

Ventriculo-peritoneal

References

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Further Reading

  1. Barkovich J, Raybaud C. Hydrocephalus. Chapter 8. In: Pediatric neuroimaging. 6th ed. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia; 2019.Google Scholar
  2. Cinalli G, Spennato P, Nastro A, Aliberti F, Trischitta V, Ruggiero C, Mirone G, Cianciull E. Hydrocephalus in aqueductal stenosis. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:1621–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Raybaud C. MR assessment of pediatric hydrocephalus: a road map. Childs Nerv Syst. 2016;32:19–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuroradiologyLeeds Teaching HospitalsLeedsUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charles Anthony Józef Romanowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuroradiologySheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation TrustSheffieldUK

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