Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies

Living Edition
| Editors: Arthur Tatnall

Competency Models in Computing Education

  • Torsten BrindaEmail author
  • Matthias Kramer
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60013-0_5-1


Towards the Term Competency

The terms competence and competency have been topics in academic discourse in the educational and vocational context as well as in psychology for several years. Due to their origin, the terms often denote the same construct. Le Deist and Winterton (2005) have explained the different usages of the terms throughout history as well as in different scientific areas. They repeatedly point out the inconsistent usage of both terms but were able to make out different meanings with a partly overlapping understanding. Thus, they come up with three different inspections on both terms, a functional, a behavioral, and a holistic approach. The meaning of the terms covers huge quantities of individual features and traits, such as job-related skills, knowledge, abilities, know-how, performance, etc. A more specific definition was given by Weinert in his works for the OECD, where he defined competences as “the readily available or...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computing Education Research GroupUniversity of Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sigrid Schubert
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty IV: Science and TechnologyUniversity of SiegenSiegenGermany