Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies

Living Edition
| Editors: Arthur Tatnall

Assistive Technology and Inclusion: Philosophical Foundation

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60013-0_142-1


Recently the World Bank reported that out of the 1 billion population (15% of world’s population) experiencing some form of disability such as one-fifth of the estimated global total, or between 110 and 190 million people experience significant disability (WHO 2018). Technology plays a vital role for Inclusion as it increases the participation of individual and community at large in all walks of life. Various revolutionary innovations such as artificial limbs, robotic assistance for feeding, Speech Generating Device (SGD), etc. enables individuals with disabilities more functional capacities.

In general, definition of assistive technology comes from the Assistive Technology Act of 1998, which was amended in 2004. The amendment defined assistive technology as “any item, a piece of equipment or product system whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized that is used to increase, maintain or improve functional capabilities of individuals with...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of North BengalGhoshpukur CollegeLiusipukuriIndia
  2. 2.Department of EducationUniversity of CalcuttaCalcuttaIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vassilios Argyropoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Special EducationUniversity of ThessalyVolosGreece