Nickel Nanoparticles: Bio-synthesis Using Citrus Limon Leaves and its Characterization
Today the global emphasis lies in developing a facile, cost-effective, and eco-friendly method for metallic nanoparticle synthesis. Leaves of Citrus Limon were studied for its applicability in the vegetable synthesis of nanostructured nickel particles (NiNPs). A mathematical model was designed based on response surface methodology for optimizing the process parameters. The results were analyzed using ANOVA. The nanoparticle formation was evaluated by UV-Vis spectrophotometer, laser diffraction method, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, and Fourier- transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. TEM analysis revealed that the particles were preferably spherical, and the particle size results showed good agreement with the size calculated from XRD.
KeywordsNiNPs Citrus limon leaves Green synthesis Response surface methodology
Authors are thankful to World Bank-funded TEQIP-II and FIST-DST project, Govt. of India, for making available the machinery for this research project.
- Dubey M, Bhadauria S, Kushwah BS (2009) Green synthesis of nanosilver particles from extract of Eucalyptus hybrida (safeda) leaf. Dig J Nanomater Biostruct 4(3):537–543Google Scholar
- Kale RD, Kane P, Phulaware N (2014) Decolourization of CI reactive black 5 by PVP stabilized nickel nanoparticles. Int J Eng Sci Innovative Technol 3(2):109–117Google Scholar
- Kale RD, Barwar S, Kane P, Contractor A (2018) Betel leaves mediated green synthesis of nickel nanoparticles: synthesis and characterization. Int J Eng Adv Technol 7(3):89–92Google Scholar
- Leela A, Vivekanandan M (2008) Tapping the unexploited plant resources for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Afr J Biotechnol 7(17):3162–3165Google Scholar
- Mariam AA, Kashif M, Arokiyaraj S, Bououdina M, Sankaracharyulu MGV, Jayachandran M, Hashim U (2014) Bio-synthesis of NiO and Ni nanoparticles and their characterization. Dig J Nanomater Biostruct 9(3):1007–1019Google Scholar
- Ramesh P, Rajendran A, Meenakshisundaram M (2014) Green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using flower extract Cassia auriculata. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2(1):41–45Google Scholar
- Saif S, Tahir A, Chen Y (2016) Green synthesis of iron nanoparticles and their environmental applications and implications. Nano 6(11):209Google Scholar
- Shukla VK, Pandey S, Pandey AC (2010) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using neem leaf (Azadirachta indica) extract. In: AIP conference proceedings, vol 1276, no 1. AIP, Guwahati, Assam (India), pp 43–49Google Scholar