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A Green Conception in the Construction Sector: Incorporation of E-waste into Concrete

  • Salmabanu LuharEmail author
  • Ismail Luhar
Living reference work entry
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Increased industrial development results in increased generation of waste, creating a dilemma regarding its disposal. That is why the conception of the “four R’s” – reduce, reuse, recycle, and recover – is the need of the hour. This chapter sheds light upon the most modern, fastest-emerging, and most valuable (but also a complex, nonbiodegradable, and toxic) type of solid waste – known as e-waste – which is generated by disposal of electrical and electronic equipment. Landfilling of e-waste causes contamination of environments, soils, surface water, and groundwater, in addition to health hazards. Moreover, e-waste contains hazardous radioactive substances and toxic chemicals, which can leach into the ground and the surroundings, causing threats to biodiversity and ecosystems. For these reasons, systematic disposal of this alarming type of waste is essential. An innovative green revolutionary concept is aimed at using this waste as a substitute for natural aggregate and as a supplementary material for producing various types of sustainable, durable, affordable, and “green” concrete, mortar, etc. for use in the construction industry. Given the thermal resistance, strength, and durability parameters of suitably formulated green concrete, it should be promoted as a promising future construction material with a low carbon footprint. This new “urban mining” approach aims to determine the best potential applications for this hazardous form of waste, not only to prevent unbridled degradation of the environment and natural aggregate resources, with consequential detrimental impacts on ecosystems, but also to devise a well-considered solution to get rid of e-waste and to establish green concrete incorporating e-waste as a future building material for use in the construction and infrastructure industries.

Keywords

Biodiversity Carbon dioxide Carbon footprint Cathode ray tube Chloride ion infiltration Compressive strength Concrete Cost effectiveness Disposal management Durability properties Ecosystem E-fibers E-glasses Electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) E-metals E-plastics Fine aggregate Fire resistance Flexural strength Green concrete Greenhouse gas Health hazards Heavy metals Landfills Lead Lightweight concrete Municipal solid waste Nonbiodegradable Ordinary Portland cement Permeability Polyethylene terephthalate Polystyrene foam Printed circuit boards Recycle Recycled aggregate Resistance Sorptivity Split tensile strength Strength properties Sulfate attack Sustainable Thermal resistance Urban mining Waste electrical and electronic equipment Water absorption 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Mineral Resources EngineeringNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Shri Jagdishprasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala UniversityJhunjhunuIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental ScienceNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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