A number of different terms have been used to describe various response styles that examinees may use to describe their symptoms, injuries, effects on adaptive functioning, etc. Rogers (2008) has identified a number of them including: malingering, defensiveness, irrelevant responding, and feigning, to name just a few. Dissimulation refers to a type of deception in which one aims to obscure the truth. It does not involve presentation of false information (e.g., simulation) but instead refers to concealing one’s ability or some form of information. This term has also been used to refer to a portrayal of one’s symptoms and features that is inaccurate. In neuropsychological cases, dissimulation tends to occur most often when an examinee distorts their cognitive, psychological, or physical symptoms and complaints. Most often, this takes the form of exaggeration through either over-endorsement of items on self-report inventories (e.g., MMPI-2)...
References and Readings
- Heilbronner, R. L., Sweet, J. J., Morgan, J. E., Larrabee, G. J., & Millis, S. R. (2009). American academy of clinical neuropsychology consensus conference statement on the neuropsychological assessment of effort, response bias, and malingering. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 23, 1093–1129.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Rogers, R. (2008). Clinical assessment of malingering and deception (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Rogers, R., & Bender, S. D. (2003). Evaluation of malingering and deception. In A. Goldstein (Ed.), Handbook of psychology, Forensic psychology (Vol. 11). New Jersey: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Sweet, J. J. (1999). Malingering: Differential diagnosis. In J. Sweet (Ed.), Forensic neuropsychology: Fundamentals and practice. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.Google Scholar