Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Efrain Antonio GonzalezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9264

Generic Name


Brand Name



Non-benzodiazepine sedative/hypnotic

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Alpha 1 isoform selective antagonist of GABA-A and benzodiazepine receptors.


Short-term treatment of insomnia

Off-Label Use

No common off-label use

Side Effects


Respiratory depression


Sedation, headache, dizziness, nervousness, dry mouth, amnesia (dose dependent), anorexia, bitter taste, and impaired vision

References and Readings

  1. Physicians’ desk reference (71st ed.) (2017). Montvale: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software. www.epocrates.com.
  2. Free Drug Online and PDA Software. www.medscape.com.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of PsychologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  2. 2.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA