Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Antisocial Personality Disorder

  • Cynthia RolstonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9201

Synonyms

Dyssocial personality disorder; Psychopathy; Sociopathy

Definition

Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is characterized by gross and guiltless disregard for and violation of others’ rights, present since age 15 and persisting in adulthood. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) criteria include:
  • Nonconformity to social norms, unlawful behavior.

  • Deceitful, impulsive, irresponsible, and reckless behavior.

  • Irritability and aggressiveness, with no remorse.

The symptoms must not present exclusively in the course of schizophrenic or bipolar disorders. Individuals with ASPD often display superficial charm initially but then treat others with disdain and contempt.

Categorization

ASPD is classified with the Cluster B Personality Disorders in DSM-5.

Current Knowledge

Prevalence

Prevalence estimates range from 0.2% to 3.3%, with men outnumbering women 3:1 (APA 2013). Higher rates of ASPD occur in males with...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PM&RVirginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of VirginiaRichmondUSA