Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Cynthia RolstonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9191


Dysfunctional voiding; Urinary incontinence; Wetting


Clinical disorder characterized by failure to control bladder function, with repeated episodes of inappropriate (intentional or involuntary) voiding of urine beyond the chronologic and developmental point that consistent control would be expected. The behavior is not attributable to medication effect, substance use, or general medical condition. An enuretic disorder is classified as primary when control of urination has never been successfully achieved. Secondary enuresis is the term used when incontinence recurs after a sustained period of effective bladder control (minimum of 6 months). Enuresis is also further clarified as nocturnal (nighttime or monosymptomatic enuresis) or diurnal (daytime), or mixed (both).


Enuresis is classified with the Elimination Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013). Significant...

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References and Readings

  1. Alpaslan, A. H., Kodak, U., Arci, K., & Guzzle, H. I. (2016). Association between elimination disorders and abusive maternal attitudes. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 40, 22–27.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2016.02.004.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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  8. von Gontard, A. (2013). The impact of DSM-5 and guidelines for assessment and treatment of elimination disorders. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 22, 61–67.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-012-0363-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PM&RVirginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of VirginiaRichmondUSA