Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Acute Stress Disorder

  • Daniel W. KlyceEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9182

Synonyms

Acute stress response; Stress reaction

Short Description or Definition

Acute stress disorder (ASD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) by a pattern of symptoms associated with exposure to an actual or threatened trauma or stressor. Exposure may involve (1) direct experience of traumatic events, (2) personally witnessing events, (3) learning of events that occurred to others, and (4) repeated or extreme exposure to details of traumatic events. Symptoms associated with the exposure may include intrusion symptoms (i.e., involuntary memories, distressing dreams, flashbacks, intense responses to triggers), negative mood, dissociative symptoms, avoidance symptoms, and symptoms of physiological arousal (i.e., sleep disturbance, irritability/anger, hypervigilance, poor concentration, and exaggerated startle response). To be diagnosed as ASD, symptoms must persist for at least 3 days and not...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bryant, R. A. (2010). Acute stress disorder as a predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder: A systematic review. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 72(2), 233–239.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bryant, R. A., Moulds, M. L., & Guthrie, R. M. (2000). Acute stress disorder scale: A self-report measure of acute stress disorder. Psychological Assessment, 12(1), 61–68.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bryant, R. A., Friedman, M. J., Spiegel, D., Ursano, R., & Strain, J. (2011). A review of acute stress disorder in DSM-5. Depression and Anxiety, 28(9), 802–817.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kilpatrick, D. G., Resnick, H. S., & Friedman, M. J. (2013). National stressful events survey ASD short scale (NSESSS-ASD). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  6. Olver, J. S., Pinney, M., Maruff, P., & Norman, T. R. (2015). Impairments of spatial working memory and attention following acute psychosocial stress. Stress and Health, 31(2), 115–123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Sänger, J., Bechtold, L., Schoofs, D., Blaszkewicz, M., & Wascher, E. (2014). The influence of acute stress on attention mechanisms and its electrophysiological correlates. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 8, 353.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ursano, R. J., Bell, C., Eth, S., Friedman, M., Norwood, A., Pfefferbaum, B., ... & Charles, S. C. (2004). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(Suppl 11), 3–31.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth University – School of MedicineRichmondUSA