Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • John BigbeeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9141




Anatomical term indicating direction. With reference to quadrupeds, caudal indicates direction toward the tail and is used synonymously with posterior. The opposite direction is rostral, indicating direction toward the head and is used synonymously with anterior. In human anatomy, caudal is only commonly used in reference to the embryo and the brain and cranium. Due to the tilting of the central nervous system, for reference to the brain, caudal, or alternatively posterior, indicates direction toward the back of the head. In contrast, rostral, or anterior, indicates direction toward the face.

See Also

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anatomy and NeurobiologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA