Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Post Trauma Vision Syndrome

  • John B. WilliamsonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9120

Synonyms

Vestibularocular dysfunction (VOD) (generic)

Definition

Posttrauma vision syndrome refers to visual disturbance post neurological injury resulting in the disruption of vision and associated consequences.

Current Knowledge

Neurological injury source, according to some authors, is agnostic with clinical descriptions in the literature of effects from traumatic brain injury, stroke, and diseases such as multiple sclerosis. However, the most common usage appears to be in the context of traumatic brain injury. The term is relatively uncommon in the literature and has conceptual overlap with postconcussive syndrome. Disruption in the visual system, broadly defined, can have wide-ranging impacts on function and behavior, including possible diplopia, postural instability, and gait disturbance (Padula and Spapiro 1993). Further, there are potential cognitive impacts (e.g., disruptions in visual memory, attention in its various iterations, and fine and gross motor inefficiency.

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References and Readings

  1. Astafiev, S. V., Zinn, K. L., Shulman, G. L., & Corbetta, M. (2016). Exploring the physiological correlates of chronic mild traumatic brain injury symptoms. Neuroimage: Clinical, 11, 10–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ellis, M. J., Cordingley, D. M., Vis, S., Reimer, K. M., Leiter, J., & Russell, K. (2017). Clinical predictors of vestibulo-ocular dysfunction in pediatric sports-related concussion. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 19, 38–45.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Padula, W. V., & Spapiro, J. B. (1993). Head injury and post-trauma vision syndrome. Rehabilitation and Education for Blindness and Visual Impairment, 24, 153–158.Google Scholar
  4. Pearce, K. L., Sufrinko, A., Lau, B. C., Henry, L., Collins, M. W., & Kontos, A. P. (2015). Near point of convergence after a sports-related concussion: Measurement reliability and relationship to neurocognitive impairment and symptoms. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 3055–2061.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Schlageter, K., Gray, B., Hall, R., & Sammet, R. (1993). Incidence and treatment of visual dysfunction in traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 5, 439–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Florida College of Medicine, Center for Neurological Studies and the Research Service of the Malcom Randall Veterans Affairs Medical CenterGainesvilleUSA