Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Visual Psychophysics

  • Nicole R. NissimEmail author
  • Adam J. Woods
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9110

Visual psychophysics is a diverse field of study encompassing how physical stimuli affect sensation, perception, and, ultimately, human behavior. This classical field of study has widespread applications covering various areas within modern vision science (Lu and Dosher 2013).

The purpose of the visual system is to construct an internal representation of the world around us to aid in guiding our actions and provide distal sensory control of the multitude of different movements that animals make (Milner and Goodale 1995). Visual control systems for different motor outputs have evolved to be relatively independent input-output modules. For example, the behavior of a vertebrate animal catching prey versus avoiding an obstacle utilizes independent pathways from visual receptors to the motor nuclei – each pathway processing particular inputs and evoking particular effector outputs. However, the behavior of more complex animals such as humans is not completely bound to a set of visuomotor...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health Psychology College of Public Health and Health Professions, Center for Cognitive Aging and Memory, McKnight Brain Institute (Primary)University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, College of Public Health and Health ProfessionsUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Center for Cognitive Aging and Memory, McKnight Brain InstituteUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  5. 5.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA