Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

PET Imaging

  • Matilde IngleseEmail author
  • Maria Petracca
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9080

Synonyms

3D neuroimaging; Endogenous neurotransmitter release measure; Functional neuroimaging; PET-computed tomography, PET-CT; PET-magnetic resonance, PET-MR; Positron emission tomography, PET; Protein density measurement; Synaptic dopamine release evaluation

Definition

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a functional imaging technique that allows the exploration of brain and body metabolic processes. The technique is based on the administration of a biologically active molecule labeled with a radioactive isotope (tracer). The signal produced by the tracer agent is detected by a gamma camera and reconstructed to generate a 3D image. In order to improve anatomical localization, PET imaging is usually associated to the acquisition, during the same session, of a morphological scan (positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), or, more recently, positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance (PET-MR) (Aiello et al. 2016).

Current Knowledge

[18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose...

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References and Readings

  1. Aiello, M., Cavaliere, C., & Salvatore, M. (2016). Hybrid PET/MR imaging and brain connectivity. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10, 64.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2016.00064.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  8. Sarikaya, I. (2015). PET imaging in neurology: Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. Nuclear Medicine Communications, 36(8), 775–781.  https://doi.org/10.1097/mnm.0000000000000320.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyRadiology and Neuroscience, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA