Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Donna PolelleEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_906


Paralexia: It is an error made during reading by persons with an acquired reading disorder known as either alexia or acquired dyslexia. Alexia is not a sensory deficit, that is, the deficit is not related to a disturbance in visual acuity or visual field. Types of paralexic errors have been described based on reading models and are associated with the types of peripheral alexia (pure alexia, visual alexia, attentional alexia, neglect alexia) and types of central alexia: phonological alexia, surface alexia, and deep dyslexia (Benson and Ardila 1996; Newcombe and Marshall 1986; Riley and Kendall 2013). Patterns of paralexic errors exist and assist in distinguishing among these alexias. Some general categories of paralexic error types include phonological, semantic, visual, morphologic, and derivational. Phonological paralexias are errors in which the response typically sounds like the target word (e.g., sequins → sequence). Semantic paralexias are errors that are similar in...

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References and Readings

  1. Benson, D. F., & Ardila, A. (1996). Aphasia: A clinical perspective. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Friedman, R. B. (1988). Acquired alexia. In F. Boller, J. Grafman, G. Rizzolatti, & H. Goodglass (Eds.), Handbook of neuropsychology (Vol. 1, pp. 377–392). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  3. Newcombe, F., & Marshall, J. C. (1986). Transcoding and lexical stabilization in deep dyslexia. In M. Coltheart, K. Patterson, & J. C. Marshall (Eds.), Deep dyslexia (2nd ed., pp. 176–188). New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  4. Riley, E. A., & Kendall, D. L. (2013). The acquired disorders of reading. In I. Papathanasiou, P. Coppens, & C. Potagas (Eds.), Aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (pp. 157–172). Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication Sciences and DisordersCollege of Science and Mathematics, University of South Florida Sarasota-ManateeSarasotaUSA