Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia

  • Allison BaylorEmail author
  • Sarah Griffin
  • Bruce Rybarczyk
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9052

Summary

Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is a brief, evidence-based behavioral treatment for insomnia. CBT-I includes psychoeducation, healthy sleep habits, sleep restriction, and cognitive restructuring.

Overview

Insomnia is a prevalent sleep disorder, with a negative impact on physical and mental health. Insomnia is defined as dissatisfaction with either sleep quantity or quality, coupled with difficulties with sleep onset or maintenance. For adults with primary insomnia, these sleep difficulties are not likely caused by another independent physical or mental health condition. However, the majority of insomnia cases co-occur with other mental or physical health conditions. In the past, this form of insomnia was termed secondary insomnia, as it was perceived as a consequence of the other disorder. However, the National Institutes of Health recommended that the term be changed to comorbid insomnia in 2005 because of the absence of empirical evidence supporting a...

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References

  1. Bastien, C. H. (2011). Insomnia: Neurophysiological and neuropsychological approaches. Neuropsychology Review, 21(1), 22–40.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Kaplan, K. A., & Harvey, A. G. (2014). Treatment of sleep disturbance. In D. H. Barlow (Ed.), Clinical handbook of psychological disorders: A step-by-step treatment manual (pp. 640–669). New York: Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
  3. Rybarczyk, B., Lund, H. G., Garroway, A. M., & Mack, L. (2013). Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in older adults: Background, evidence, and overview of treatment protocol. Clinical Gerontologist, 36(1), 70–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Wu, J. Q., Appleman, E. R., Salazar, R. D., & Ong, J. C. (2015). Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia comorbid with psychiatric and medical conditions: A meta-analysis. JAMA Internal Medicine, 175(9), 1461–1472.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allison Baylor
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sarah Griffin
    • 1
  • Bruce Rybarczyk
    • 2
  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA