Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Roberta DePompeiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_905


Paragraphia is the use of unintended phonemes, syllables, or words during writing attempts (Davis 2014; Papathansiou, Coppens & Potagas 2013; Patterson & Chapey 2008). Written errors can be similar to spoken errors (i.e., paraphasias). The more commonly used term for these spelling errors is agraphia. The term dysgraphia also may be used. Paragraphic errors can include substitution of a semantically related word, such as man for woman (associated by similarity) or house for dog (associated by frequent co-occurrences in written language); phonemic errors such as pite for pipe; or creation of a nonsense word such as dindle for banana. Paragraphia can be a symptom in several adult neurological conditions such as aphasia and dementia. For specific neuroanatomical descriptions, see agraphia.



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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Speech-Language Pathology and AudiologyUniversity of AkronAkronUSA