Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Computerized Treatment

  • Erica KaplanEmail author
  • Melissa Shuman-Paretsky
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9045

Definition

Harley and colleagues (1992) defined cognitive rehabilitation as “systematic, functionally-oriented service of therapeutic cognitive activities, based on assessment and understanding of the person’s brain-behavior deficits.” Computerized interventions (CIs) for cognitive rehabilitation employ an electronic medium to either (1) directly improve a specific cognitive ability (restitution) or (2) serve as an external aid that reduces the impact of cognitive dysfunction on daily life (compensation). Today’s computerized interventions, which include computer software, smartphone, and tablet applications and video games, have been praised as a cost-effective and easily accessible alternative to traditional in-person treatments (Kueider et al. 2012).

Historical Background

Lynch (2002) presents a detailed historical timeline of the development and evolution of CIs. According to his comprehensive review, CI began with the popularization of video games and personal computers in the...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rehabilitation Medicine, Brain Injury Research CenterIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Mount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA