Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Pediatric Test of Brain Injury (PTBI)

  • Gillian HotzEmail author
  • Nancy Helm-Estabrooks
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9022




The PTBI is the only criterion-referenced, standardized test designed to assess neurocognitive, language, and literacy abilities of children and adolescents ages 6–16 years who are recovering from brain injury. The PTBI is intended to assist clinicians in developing a baseline of cognitive linguistic abilities in the acute stages of recovery; quickly identify strengths and weaknesses in order to build a functional treatment plan; monitor functional changes and track recovery patterns; and guide recommendations concerning school reintegration and academic performance.

Historical Background

The PTBI was designed to assess typical areas of impairment in children and adolescents with brain injury including the domains of attention, memory, language, and executive functions. The test can be administered early as well as later in the recovery process. The goal was to develop a test for children and adolescents that includes tasks assessing cognitive abilities that...

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  1. Hotz, G., Helm-Estabrooks, N., Nelson, N., & Plante, E. (2010). Pediatric test of brain injury. Baltimore: Paul Brookes Publishing Company.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurosurgery/The Miami Project to Cure ParalysisUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Department of Communication Disorders and SciencesCollege of Health and Human Sciences, Western Carolina UniversityCullowheeUSA