Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Metalinguistic Skills

  • Janet P. PattersonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_898

Definition

Metalinguistics as a field of study examines the relationship between language and culture. Metalinguistic skills are strategies that are applied, either consciously or automatically, to an oral or written linguistic interaction to allow one to think about language and a linguistic message, to analyze a message, and to control language processing within the communicative culture (Bialystok 1986). Areas of metalinguistic skills are phonological, word level, syntactic, pragmatic, and print awareness (Lightsey and Frye 2004; Tunmer et al. 1988).

Current Knowledge

In a conversational interaction as a speaker, one uses metalinguistic skills to relate the linguistic form of an intended utterance to the environment in which the utterance occurs in order to produce a message which has the desired effect on a listener. As a listener, one uses metalinguistic skills to understand the intended message of the speaker. Metalinguistic skills are critical for understanding a message in...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Astheimer, L., Janus, M., Moreno, S., & Bialystock, E. (2014). Electrophysiological measures of attention during speech perception predict metalinguistic skills in children. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 1–12.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Barac, R., & Bialystok, E. (2012). Bilingual effects on development: Role of language, cultural background, and education. Child Development, 83, 413–422.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Bialystok, E. (1986). Children’s concept of word. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 15, 13–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chaney, C. (1992). Language development, metalinguistic skills, and print awareness in 3-year-old children. Applied PsychoLinguistics, 13(4), 485–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eriksson, M. (2016). The Swedish Communicative Development Inventory III: Parent reports on language in preschool children. 1–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Jarmulowicz, L., Taran, V. L., & Hay, S. E. (2007). Third graders’ metalinguistic skills, reading skills, and stress production in derived English words. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 50, 1593–1605.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Leemann, B., Laganaro, M., Schwitter, V., & Schnider, A. (2007). Paradoxical switching to a barely-mastered second language by an aphasic patient. Neurocase, 13, 209–213.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Lewis, F. M., Murdoch, B. E., & Woodyatt, G. C. (2007). Communicative competence and metalinguistic ability: Performance by children and adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1525–1538.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Lightsey, G. E., & Frye, B. J. (2004). Teaching metalinguistic skills to enhance early reading instruction. Reading Horizons, 45, 27–37.Google Scholar
  10. Melby-Lervåg, M., Lyster, S. A. H., & Hulme, C. (2012). Phonological skills and their role in learning to read: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 138, 322–352.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026744.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Nicololsi, L., Harryman, E., & Kresheck, J. (2004). Terminology of communication disorders: Speech-language-hearing (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  12. Reder, F., Marec-Breton, N., Gombert, J.-E., & Demont, E. (2013). Second-language learners’ advantage in metalinguistic awareness: A question of languages’ characteristics. The British Journal of Educational Psychology, 83(4), 686–702.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Tunmer, W., Herriman, M., & Nesdale, A. (1988). Metalinguistic abilities and beginning reading. Reading Research Quarterly, 23, 2134–2158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology ServiceVA Northern California Health Care SystemMartinezUSA