Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Lyn S. TurkstraEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_884


Voice disorder


A voice disorder, or dysphonia, can be characterized as a disruption in vocal quality, pitch, loudness, resonance, and/or duration that draws attention to itself, is inappropriate for a person’s age, sex, and/or culture, and that may not meet an individual’s occupational needs. The patient’s voice may be described using terms such as hoarse, rough, strained, breathy, weak, or tremulous.

Dysphonia may result from functional etiologies (such as muscle tension dysphonia), or may have an anatomical or physiological (organic) etiology, including growths on the vocal folds of benign, viral or carcinogenic origin, laryngopharyngeal reflux, vocal fold injuries and scarring, inflammation, edema, paresis or paralysis of the vocal folds (unilateral or bilateral), aging, phonotrauma, or a variety of neurological conditions. Voice disorders have been found to have a negative impact on quality of life in adults and children, and can be treated behaviorally,...

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References and Readings

  1. Merati, A. L., & Bielamowicz, S. A. (Eds.). (2007). Textbook of voice disorders. San Diego: Plural Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Stemple, J. C., Glaze, L. E., & Klaben, B. G. (2000). Clinical voice pathology, theory and management (3rd ed.). Clifton Park: Delmar Learning.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada