Short Description or Definition
Dysphagia is a disorder in the preparation and/or transportation of food and/or liquid from the lips to the duodenum.
Dysphagia is divided into several types, dependent on etiology and locus of symptomatology. In general, categories can be oral, oral-pharyngeal, pharyngeal, esophageal, and/or gastric.
Over a lifetime, 1 in 17 people will develop a swallowing problem or dysphagia. In a 2011 study in the United Kingdom, the prevalence rate in the general community was 11%. The condition affects 40–70% of people with stroke. Patients with neurodegenerative diseases have a 60–80% incidence of dysphagia. In adults 65 and older, 11% may experience dysphagia, often related to gastric reflux. In the institutionalized elderly, the percentage rises to 51%. For patients who have experienced radiation treatments to the head and neck, the incidence of dysphagia is 60–75%.
References and Readings
- Arvedson, J. C., & Brodsky, L. (Eds.). (2002). Pediatric swallowing and feeding: Assessment and management (2nd ed.). San Diego: Singular Publishing Group.Google Scholar
- Aviv, J. E., Murry, T., Zschommler, A., Cohen, M., & Gartner, C. (2005). Flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing: Patient characteristics and analysis of safety in 1340 consecutive examinations. The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology, 114(3), 173–176.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Holland, G., Jayasekeran, V., Pendleton, N., Horan, M., Jones, M., & Hamdy, S. (2011). Prevalence and symptom profiling of oropharyngeal dysphagia in a community dwelling of an elderly population: A self-reporting questionnaire survey. Diseases of the Esophagus, 24, 476–480.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Murry, T., & Carrau, R. L. (2012). Clinical management of swallowing disorders (3rd ed.). San Diego: Plural Publishing.Google Scholar
- United States. Congress. House. (2008). Resolution expressing the sense of the congress that a national dysphagia awareness month should be established. 110th Congress. 2nd session. H. Con. Res. 195 (2008). Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. Available at: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c110:H.CON.RES.195