Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Broca’s Aphasia

  • Lyn S. TurkstraEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_870

Synonyms

Anterior aphasia; Expressive aphasia; Motor aphasia

Short Description or Definition

It is a type of aphasia that is characterized by speech that is effortful, sparse, and halting, and impaired repetition, with relatively intact language comprehension. The spoken output of individuals with Broca’s aphasia often is described as telegraphic, as it contains primarily content words and lacks functors, bound morphemes, and other grammatical elements. Paraphasic errors are also present. Reading and writing performance generally mirrors that of auditory comprehension and oral expression. Some individuals with Broca’s aphasia have agrammatism, a lack of grammatical structure in their extemporaneous or repeated output that is often associated with impaired comprehension of grammatical structures. Personality and intelligence are typically intact, and, in general, nonlinguistic cognitive functions are relatively preserved, but this is difficult to test the given role of language in...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Academic of Neurologic Coaammunication Disorders and Sciences. Evidence-based practice guidelines (association). www.ancds.org. Retrieved 1 Oct 2008.
  2. Alexopoulos, G. S., Abrams, R. C., Young, R. C., & Shamoian, C. A. (1988). Cornell scale for depression in dementia. Biological Psychiatry, 23(3), 271–284.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Basso, A., & Marangolo, P. (2000). Cognitive neuropsychological rehabilitation: The emperor’s new clothes? Special issue: Cognitive neuropsychology and language rehabilitation. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 10(3), 219–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beeson, P. B., Bayles, K. A., Rubens, A. B., & Kaszniak, A. W. (1993). Memory impairment and executive control in individuals with stroke-induced Aphasia. Brain and Language, 45, 253–275.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carson, A. J., MacHale, S., Allen, K., Lawrie, S. M., Dennis, M., House, A., et al. (2000). Depression after stroke and lesion location: A systematic review. Lancet, 356(9224), 122–126.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Cherney, L. R., Patterson, J. P., Raymer, A., Frymark, T., & Schooling, T. (2008). Evidence-based systematic review: Effects of intensity of treatment and constraint-induced language therapy for individuals with stroke-induced Aphasia. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 51(5), 1282–1299.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Goodglass, H. (1993). Understanding aphasia. San Diego: Academic.Google Scholar
  8. Helm-Estabrooks, N. (2001). Cognitive linguistic quick test (1st ed.). San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  9. Kagan, A., Black, S., Duchan, J., Mackie, N., & Square, P. (2001). Training volunteers as conversation partners using “supported conversation for adults with Aphasia” (SCA): A controlled trial. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 44, 624–638.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Manheim, L. M., Halper, A. S., & Cherney, L. (2009). Patient-reported changes in communication after computer-based script training for aphasia. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(4), 623–627.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Patil, U., Hanne, S., Burchert, F., De Bleser, R., & Vasishth, S. (2016). A computational evaluation of sentence processing deficits in aphasia. Cognitive Science, 40(1), 5–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Raven, J. C. (1938). Progressive matrices: A perceptual test of intelligence. London: H.K. Lewis.Google Scholar
  13. Thompson, C. K., & Shapiro, L. P. (2005). Treating agrammatic aphasia within a linguistic framework: Treatment of underlying forms. Aphasiology, 19(10/11), 1021–1036.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Townend, E., Brady, M., & McLaughlan, K. (2007). A systematic evaluation of the adaptation of depression diagnostic methods for stroke survivors who have aphasia. Stroke, 38(11), 3076–3083.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Turner-Stokes, L., & Hassan, N. (2002). Depression after stroke: A review of the evidence base to inform the development of an integrated care pathway. Part 1: Diagnosis, frequency and impact. Clinical Rehabilitation, 16(3), 231–247.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Yang, Z. H., Zhao, X. Q., Wang, C. X., Chen, H. Y., & Zhang, Y. M. (2008). Neuroanatomic correlation of the post-stroke aphasias studied with imaging. Neurological Research, 30(4), 356–360.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Rehabilitation ScienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada