Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Broca’s Aphasia

  • Lyn S. TurkstraEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_870


Anterior aphasia; Expressive aphasia; Motor aphasia

Short Description or Definition

It is a type of aphasia that is characterized by speech that is effortful, sparse, and halting, and impaired repetition, with relatively intact language comprehension. The spoken output of individuals with Broca’s aphasia often is described as telegraphic, as it contains primarily content words and lacks functors, bound morphemes, and other grammatical elements. Paraphasic errors are also present. Reading and writing performance generally mirrors that of auditory comprehension and oral expression. Some individuals with Broca’s aphasia have agrammatism, a lack of grammatical structure in their extemporaneous or repeated output that is often associated with impaired comprehension of grammatical structures. Personality and intelligence are typically intact, and, in general, nonlinguistic cognitive functions are relatively preserved, but this is difficult to test the given role of language in...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Rehabilitation ScienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada