Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Aprosodia

  • Kate KrivalEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_863

Definition

Aprosodia is a deficit in comprehending or expressing prosody, i.e., variations in pitch, loudness, or rhythm of speech used in addition to words to convey specific meaning and emotional information (Monrad-Krohn 1948; Leon and Rodriguez 2008; Wymer et al. 2002). Aprosodia is traditionally characterized as linguistic or affective (Wymer et al. 2002). Linguistic prosody aids meaning, e.g., convict vs. convict or the dog and the cat in the cage are mine vs. the dog, and the cat in the cage, are mine allow unambiguous discrimination of the semantic target. Affective prosody conveys attitude, e.g., incredulity, sadness, or anger, e.g., depending on the prosodic intonation, oh, yeah, I’m just greatmay be a sincere expression of a good feeling or an equally sincere communication that the speaker is angry or frustrated. Linguistic aprosodia is associated with both left and right hemisphere lesions; affective aprosodia is more consistently associated with lesions of the right...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Speech Pathology, School of Health SciencesEdinboro University of PennsylvaniaEdinboroUSA