Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Anarthria

  • Ignatius NipEmail author
  • Carole R. Roth
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_855

Synonyms

Speechlessness

Definition

Anarthria is speechlessness due to a severe loss of neuromuscular control over the speech musculature and is the most severe form of dysarthria. Language and cognition may be intact, but the neuromuscular disorder prevents speech. Anarthric patients are motivated to speak but are unable.

Some patients with anarthria can produce some oral movements and/or undifferentiated vocalizations when attempting to speak. Occasionally, there is no concomitant limb movement disorder, but there is almost always a nonspeech oromotor impairment. Frequent causes include brainstem stroke, multiple strokes, closed head injury, and degenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Duffy, J. R. (2013). Motor speech disorders: Substrates, differential diagnosis, and management (3rd ed.). St. Louis: Elsevier Mosby.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Speech, Language, and Hearing SciencesSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Otolaryngology Clinic, Speech DivisionNaval Medical CenterSan DiegoUSA