Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Robin SekerakEmail author
  • Nathan D. Zasler
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_82


Volume element


A voxel is a measurement of volume in a structure that is to be imaged.


Each voxel represents a defined volume and can be localized by coordinates on a three-dimensional grid. Both CT and MRI scanners image a section of tissue and describe it in a two-dimensional image on the computer screen. Each image is made up of a matrix of two-dimensional cells called pixels. Each pixel represents a volume of tissue, or voxel. The voxel has the same 2-D (x-axis, y-axis) size as the pixel, but the third dimension (z-axis) is equivalent to the slice thickness of the scan. The color (tissue attenuation value) of each pixel is an average of the tissues represented in the voxel. A voxel represents a single data point that is represented on a three-dimensional grid with regular spacing. This data point can consist of a single piece of data or multiple data points. A voxel represents only a single point on this grid, not a volume; the space between each...

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References and Readings

  1. Bushong, S. (2004). Radiologic science for technologists (p. 432). Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby.Google Scholar
  2. Salehi, A., Zhang, J.H., & Obenaus, A. (2017). Response of the cerebral vasculature following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. Epub ahead of print.Google Scholar
  3. Weishaupt, D., Koechli, V., Marincek, B., Froehlich, J., Nanz, D., & Pruessman, K. (2006). How does MRI work: An introduction to the physics and function of magnetic resonance imaging (p. 30). New York: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Waikato District Health BoardHamiltonNew Zealand
  2. 2.Concussion Care Centre of Virginia, Ltd.RichmondUSA