Neurosurgical procedure involving the selected excision of the temporal lobe and adjacent areas.
Sir Victor Horsley performed the first neurosurgical operation in 1886. In 1947, Botterell indicated that death may be prevented by aspirating pulped temporal and frontal lobe tissue through subtemporal lobe. In 1954, Penfield and Jasper established the value of cortical excision as the preeminent neurosurgical treatment of focal epilepsies.
The decision to operate and perform a temporal lobectomy varies from an applied, well-established surgical treatment for brain tumors and seizures to the controversial surgical intervention after brain trauma and malignant stroke with limited prospective randomized trials published to recommend a procedure or surgical technique (Bullock et al. 2006). With mortality rate as high as eighty percent in some neurological conditions with conservative treatment for control of excessive brain edema...
References and Readings
- Bullock, R., Chestnut, R., Ghajar, J., Gordon, D., Hartl, R., Newell, D. W., et al. (2006). Surgical management of subdural hematoma. Neurosurgery, 58(3), S2-16–S2-24.Google Scholar
- Miller, J. W., & Silbergeld, D. L. (2006). Epilepsy surgery: Principles and controversies. New York: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- West, S., Nolan, S. J., Cotton, J., Gandhi, S., et al. (2015). Surgery for epilepsy. Cochrane Epilepsy Groups Review.Google Scholar