Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Gerstmann’s Syndrome

  • John E. MendozaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_734


Angular gyrus syndrome


A collection of symptoms which includes finger agnosia, right-left disorientation, dyscalculia, and agraphia. There is controversy as to whether this constellation of deficits should be considered a “syndrome,” as the four elements can occur in various partial combinations as well as with a number of other neurobehavioral symptoms. However, there is greater consensus that if all four symptoms are present, there is a high level of probability that constructional deficits will also be present and the lesion will include the angular gyrus of the left hemisphere. While most frequently seen in adults following left parietal strokes, occasionally this same tetrad of symptoms, usually along with other deficits such as constructional and reading difficulties, can be found in children. The term “developmental Gerstmann’s syndrome” has been applied in these latter instances. However, a controversy similar to that seen in adult populations exist with...

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References and Readings

  1. Benton, A. (1961). The fiction of the Gerstmann syndrome. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 24, 176–181.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Benton, A. (1977). Reflections on the Gerstmann syndrome. Brain and Language, 4(1), 45–62.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Denberg, N. L., & Tranel, D. (2003). Acalculia and disturbances of the body schema. In K. M. Heilman & E. Valenstein (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology (pp. 161–184). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Hecaen, H., & Albert, M. L. (1978). Human neuropsychology. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Miller, C. J., & Hynd, G. W. (2004). What ever happened to developmental Gerstmann’s syndrome? Journal of Child Neurology, 19(4), 282–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and NeuroscienceTulane Medical School and SE Louisiana Veterans Healthcare SystemNew OrleansUSA